LVG D.VI

LVG D.VI

LVG D.VI

The LVG D.VI was the last in a series of experimental fighters produced by LVG and underwent testing in the last week of the First World War.

The D.VI had a similar slab sided fuselage to the earlier D.V. It also used a similar 195hp Benz Bz III engine with a chin radiator, was armed with two LMG 08/15 machine guns. It also had the same almond-shaped rudder. It had a single axle main landing gear with a small mini-wing on the axle.

The main difference between the D.V and the D.VI were the wings. The D.V had very unconventional wings. The lower wing had the larger chord, and the entire outer panels of the upper wings acted as ailerons.

The D.VI had rather more conventional wings. The upper wing was larger, with curved tips and ailerons. The lower wing was smaller and was swept back. It was mounted quite far forward, so even the swept back wing tips were still in front of the trailing edge of the upper wing. The wings were connected by I struts, with metal straps providing the cross bracing.

The D.VI was recorded as being under construction in September 1918, and tests began in November 1918, during the final week of the war. No performance figures are reported for the D.VI.

Engine: Benz Bz IIIb
Power: 195hp
Crew: 1
Guns: two 7.9mm LMG 08/15 machine guns

Books on the First World War |Subject Index: First World War


Design and development

The Roland D.VI was designed by the Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft (L.F.G.), (whose aircraft were made under the trade name "Roland" after 1914 to avoid confusion with the Luftverkehrsgesellschaft m.b.H (L.V.G.)) late in 1917, with the prototype being the 1000th aircraft to be built by L.F.G., first flying in November 1917. [1] The D.VI was a single bay biplane which discarded the L.F.G.-Roland patented Wickelrumpf (literally "wrapped body"), or semi-monocoque fuselage, constructed with two layers of thin plywood strips, diagonally wrapped around a male form to create a "half-shell", that used in previous L.F.G aircraft such as the Roland C.II, D.I and D.II in favour of the equally unusual (for aircraft use) Klinkerrumpf (or clinker-built) construction where the fuselage was built of overlapping thin strips of spruce over a light wooden framework. [2] Visibility for the pilot was good, while the aircraft had above average manoeuvrability. [3]


LVG Aircraft of WWI Volume 3: C.VI – C.XI & Fighters: A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes (Great War Aviation Centennial Series) (Book)

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Felipe VI

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

Felipe VI, in full Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Grecia, (born January 30, 1968, Madrid, Spain), king of Spain from 2014.

Felipe was born in the latter years of the Francisco Franco regime, as the dictator’s health was declining and the government was taking halting steps in the direction of greater political and economic liberalization. On November 22, 1975, two days after Franco’s death, Felipe’s father, Juan Carlos, became king. Two years later his only son and heir apparent, Felipe, was named prince of Asturias. In 1981 Felipe was made a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. From 1984 to 1985 he studied at a private school in Lakefield, Ontario, Canada. In 1986, on his 18th birthday, Felipe swore allegiance to Juan Carlos and was officially named heir to the throne. Having received training (1985–88) at each of Spain’s armed service academies, Felipe was commissioned as an officer in the army, navy, and air force and was certified as a helicopter pilot. He was a member of the Spanish Olympic sailing team at the 1992 Games in Barcelona, where he finished sixth in the Soling event. After earning a law degree (1993) from Madrid’s Autonomous University, he received a master’s degree (1995) in international relations from Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.

Throughout the 1990s Felipe took a more active role in representing the Spanish monarchy both domestically and abroad. In 2004 he married Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano, a popular television news presenter, and the pair became known for their relatively modest lifestyle. Upon Felipe’s rise to the throne, she became the first commoner in Spanish history to be named queen. The couple had two children: Leonor, born in 2005, and Sofía, born in 2007. Leonor became princess of Asturias and heir presumptive when her father was proclaimed king, a position that she would retain barring the birth of a son to her parents.

Felipe’s ascent came at a tumultuous time for the monarchy. On June 2, 2014, Juan Carlos announced his intention to step down. The 76-year-old king’s image had become tarnished after he embarked on a lavish African safari in 2012, at a time when the country was suffering nearly unprecedented economic hardship. The royal house was also embroiled in a series of scandals, most notably a tax-fraud case involving Felipe’s older sister, Princess Cristina. With nearly two-thirds of Spaniards supporting his abdication and with parliamentary approval, Juan Carlos turned over the crown to his 46-year-old son. Felipe, who emerged from the troubles plaguing the royal family largely unscathed, was proclaimed king on June 19 with the promise of “a renewed monarchy” and “a new Spain.” Chief among the new king’s challenges was the preservation of a shared Spanish identity, a task that was complicated by increasingly vocal demands for independence in Catalonia and a persistent separatist movement in the Basque Country.


Fooling Hitler: The Elaborate Ruse Behind D-Day

As Nazi Germany tightened its grip on much of Europe in the summer of 1943, Allied military leaders decided to make the sandy beaches of Normandy the epicenter of a massive invasion that would liberate the continent and turn the tide of World War II. The Allies needed nearly a year to prepare for the complicated offensive, but they knew that the entire D-Day mission could be doomed to failure if the Nazis gained even 48 hours of advanced notice on its location and timing, so they launched an elaborate disinformation campaign, codenamed Operation Bodyguard.

To cloak the details of the true invasion site, the Allies employed a complex web of deception to persuade the Nazis that an attack could come at any point along their Atlantic Wall—the 1,500-mile system of coastal defenses that the German High Command had constructed from the Arctic Circle to Spain’s northern border—or even as far away as the Balkans. Vital to Operation Bodyguard’s success were more than a dozen German spies in Britain who had been discovered, arrested and flipped by British intelligence officers. The Allies spoon-fed reams of faulty information to these Nazi double agents to pass along to Berlin. For instance, a pair of double agents nicknamed Mutt and Jeff relayed detailed reports about the fictitious British Fourth Army that was amassing in Scotland with plans to join with the Soviet Union in an invasion of Norway. To further the illusion, the Allies fabricated radio chatter about cold-weather issues such as ski bindings and the operation of tank engines in subzero temperatures. The ruse worked as Hitler sent one of his fighting divisions to Scandinavia just weeks before D-Day.

The most logical place in Europe for the D-Day invasion was France’s Pas de Calais region, 150 miles northeast of Normandy and the closest point to Great Britain across the English Channel. The Allies had passed over the region as a landing spot because it was the most heavily fortified section of the Atlantic Wall, but they wanted to delude the Nazis into thinking they were taking the shortest route across the channel.

To give the appearance of a massive troop buildup in southeast England, the Allies created a largely phantom fighting force, the First U.S. Army Group, headed by George Patton, the American general whom the Nazis considered to be the enemy’s best commander and the logical man to lead a cross-channel invasion. The Allies broadcast endless hours of fictitious radio transmissions about troop and supply movements and planted wedding notices for fake soldiers in local newspapers. They deceived Nazi aerial reconnaissance planes by fashioning dummy aircraft and an armada of decoy landing crafts, composed only of painted canvases pulled over steel frames, around the mouth of the River Thames. They even deployed inflatable Sherman tanks, which they moved to different locations under the cover of night, and used rollers to simulate tire tracks left behind in their wake.

Since Allied code-breakers had been successful in deciphering Germany’s secret communications, they knew that the Nazis had fallen for the deception as D-Day approached. In the weeks leading up to the invasion, the Allies stepped up their aerial attacks on Pas de Calais to throw the Nazis off the scent. They even employed Lieutenant M.E. Clifton James, a bit Australian actor who bore a striking resemblance to Bernard Montgomery, to impersonate the British general. After James spent time with Montgomery to study his mannerisms, he donned one of the general’s uniforms and black berets and flew to Gibraltar on May 26, 1944, and then to Algiers where German intelligence was sure to spot him and surmise that no attack across the English Channel could be imminent with the Allied general scouting the Mediterranean.

As the D-Day assault on Normandy began, the deception continued. Allied aircraft flying toward Pas de Calais dropped clouds of aluminum strips to give false radar readings that made it appear as if a large fleet was approaching. Other aircraft far away from Normandy dropped hundreds of dummy paratroopers that were wired to simulate the sounds of rifle fire and grenades when they hit the ground. British special operations forces also landed amid the dummies and operated phonographs to broadcast the sounds of soldiers’ voices and combat fire.

In spite of the success of the initial landing, Operation Bodyguard did not end on June 6, 1944. Three days later, Spanish businessman Juan Pujol Garcia, who was one of Britain’s most valuable double agents, fed information to Berlin that the Normandy landing was merely a “red herring” and that the most critical attack was yet to come with the First Army poised to strike at Pas de Calais. As proof he pointed out that Patton had yet to move from England. So trusted was Garcia that Hitler delayed releasing reinforcements from Pas de Calais to Normandy for seven weeks after D-Day as the Allies gained the toehold they needed to achieve victory in Europe, a result that may not have been possible without the audacious scheme to fool the Nazis.

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Nasazení [ editovat | editovat zdroj ]

První sériové LVG C.V přišly na frontu koncem července 1917, v srpnu zde již operovalo 98 exemplářů. LVG C.V byl zařazen k Flieger Abteilungům č. 19, 25 bavorským 46b, (A)212, (A)287b, (A)292b, a (A)298b, které operovaly nad západní frontou. Označení A znamenalo Artillerie, protože tyto jednotky sloužily při pozorování zásahů německého dělostřelectva.

Letouny byly zařazeny také u Marine Flieger Abteilungů a Infanterie Flieger Abteilungů, dva kusy pak sloužily v Palestině, z nichž jeden u útvaru Flieger Abteilung 304b. Nejvíce jich na frontách sloužilo k 30. dubnu 1918, a to 565 kusů. K 31. srpnu 1918 již byly na frontě pouze 133 kusy.


Not aircrafts only

AFV modelers apperantly have more and more interest in complex camouflage patterns these days. Some camouflages are often to see on a real thing, but hard to execute as a part of a scale model project. Following the maxim of "solving problems", we have decided to develop activities in these fields too. We teamed up with the master of the dark science of paint masks, namely with Mr. Malcolm "The Wizzard of Cornwall" Mayfield of Miracle Masks fame. This co-operation led to the existence of a variety of paint masks for AFV. These products also have been published as a co-branded product under the label of AK-interactive. With the collapse of AK this co-operation unfortunately came to a hold, but. who knows. "You always meet twice" as we say here in Germany.

Here comes a nice example of what we did in the form of Angus Creighton´s Jagdpanzer IV/L 70:


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II-VI Incorporated Unveils 100 Gbps Indium Phosphide Directly Modulated Lasers for High-Speed Transceivers Deployed in Datacenters

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Better Buy: Micron Technology vs. II-VI

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II-VI Incorporated’s Thought Leaders to Present at OFC 2021

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Accordingly, II-VI and Coherent have scheduled special meetings of II-VI's shareholders and Coherent's stockholders, respectively, for June 24, 2021. At the special meetings, II-VI shareholders and Coherent stockholders will be asked to consider and vote on the related proposals to approve II-VI’s acquisition of Coherent. Shareholders of record for II-VI and stockholders of record of Coherent, in each case, as of May 17, 2021, will have the right to vote at these respective meetings. II-VI and Coherent also confirmed today the expiration of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, in connection with the pending transaction. As previously disclosed, the expiration of the waiting period under the HSR Act is one of the key regulatory conditions necessary for completion of this transaction. The transaction remains on track to close by year-end 2021 subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of required regulatory approvals and approval of II-VI's shareholders and Coherent's stockholders. Allen & Company LLC and J.P. Morgan Securities LLC are acting as II-VI’s financial advisors, and Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz and K&L Gates are serving as legal advisors to II-VI. Bank of America and Credit Suisse are serving as financial advisors to Coherent, and Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP is serving as legal advisor to Coherent. About II-VI IncorporatedII-VI Incorporated, a global leader in engineered materials and optoelectronic components, is a vertically integrated manufacturing company that develops innovative products for diversified applications in communications, industrial, aerospace & defense, semiconductor capital equipment, life sciences, consumer electronics, and automotive markets. Headquartered in Saxonburg, Pennsylvania, II-VI has research and development, manufacturing, sales, service, and distribution facilities worldwide. II-VI produces a wide variety of application-specific photonic and electronic materials and components, and deploys them in various forms, including integrated with advanced software to support our customers. For more information about II-VI, visit II-VI's website at www.ii-vi.com. About Coherent Inc.Founded in 1966, Coherent, Inc. is a global provider of lasers and laser-based technology for scientific, commercial and industrial customers. Coherent's common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market and is part of the Russell 1000 and Standard & Poor’s MidCap 400 Index. For more information about Coherent, visit Coherent’s website at https://www.Coherent.com for product and financial updates. Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking StatementsThis press release contains forward-looking statements relating to future events and expectations that are based on certain assumptions and contingencies. The forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The forward-looking statements in this press release involve risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results, performance, or trends to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements herein or in previous disclosures. II-VI and Coherent believe that all forward-looking statements made in this release have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that management’s expectations, beliefs, or projections as expressed in the forward-looking statements will actually occur or prove to be correct. In addition to general industry and global economic conditions, factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to: (i) the failure of any one or more of the assumptions stated above to prove to be correct (ii) the conditions to the completion of the proposed transaction between II-VI and Coherent, and the remaining equity investment by an affiliate of Bain Capital, LP, including the receipt of any required shareholder and regulatory approvals, and the risks that those conditions will not be satisfied in a timely manner or at all (iii) the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to an amendment or termination of the merger agreement relating to the proposed transaction, including the receipt by either party of an unsolicited proposal from a third party (iv) II-VI’s ability to finance the proposed transaction, the substantial indebtedness II-VI expects to incur in connection with the proposed transaction and the need to generate sufficient cash flows to service and repay such debt (v) the possibility that the combined company may be unable to achieve expected synergies, operating efficiencies and other benefits within the expected time-frames or at all and to successfully integrate Coherent’s operations with those of the combined company (vi) the possibility that such integration may be more difficult, time-consuming or costly than expected or that operating costs and business disruption (including, without limitation, disruptions in relationships with employees, customers or suppliers) may be greater than expected in connection with the proposed transaction (vii) litigation and any unexpected costs, charges or expenses resulting from the proposed transaction (viii) the risk that disruption from the proposed transaction materially and adversely affects the respective businesses and operations of II-VI and Coherent (ix) potential adverse reactions or changes to business relationships resulting from the announcement, pendency or completion of the proposed transaction (x) the ability of II-VI and Coherent to retain and hire key employees (xi) the purchasing patterns of customers and end users (xii) the timely release of new products, and acceptance of such new products by the market (xiii) the introduction of new products by competitors and other competitive responses (xiv) II-VI’s and Coherent’s ability to assimilate recently acquired businesses and realize synergies, cost savings and opportunities for growth in connection therewith, together with the risks, costs, and uncertainties associated with such acquisitions (xv) II-VI’s and Coherent’s ability to devise and execute strategies to respond to market conditions (xvi) the risks to anticipated growth in industries and sectors in which II-VI and Coherent operate (xvii) the risks to realizing the benefits of investments in R&D and commercialization of innovations (xviii) the risks that the combined company’s stock price will not trade in line with industrial technology leaders (xix) the risks of business and economic disruption related to the currently ongoing COVID-19 outbreak and any other worldwide health epidemics or outbreaks that may arise (xx) pricing trends, including II-VI’s and Coherent’s ability to achieve economies of scale and/or (xxi) uncertainty as to the long-term value of II-VI common stock. Both II-VI and Coherent disclaim any obligation to update information contained in these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or developments, or otherwise. These risks, as well as other risks associated with the proposed transaction, are more fully discussed in the definitive joint proxy statement/prospectus included in the registration statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-255547) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and thereafter amended, in connection with the proposed transaction (the “Form S-4”). While the list of factors discussed above and the list of factors presented in the Form S-4 are considered representative, no such list should be considered to be a complete statement of all potential risks and uncertainties. Unlisted factors may present significant additional obstacles to the realization of forward-looking statements. For additional information about other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements, please refer to II-VI’s and Coherent’s respective periodic reports and other filings with the SEC, including the risk factors contained in II-VI’s and Coherent’s most recent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Annual Reports on Form 10-K. Neither II-VI nor Coherent assumes any obligation to publicly provide revisions or updates to any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, should circumstances change, except as otherwise required by securities and other applicable laws. Important Information and Where You Can Find ItThis communication does not constitute an offer to buy or solicitation of an offer to sell any securities. In connection with the proposed transaction, II-VI and Coherent filed with the SEC the Form S-4 on April 21, 2021 (as amended on May 4, 2021), that includes a joint proxy statement of II-VI and Coherent and that also constitutes a prospectus with respect to shares of II-VI’s common stock to be issued in the proposed transaction. The Form S-4 was declared effective on May 6, 2021, and II-VI and Coherent commenced mailing to their respective stockholders on or about May 10, 2021. This communication is not a substitute for the Form S-4, the definitive joint proxy statement/prospectus or any other document II-VI and/or Coherent may file with the SEC in connection with the proposed transaction. INVESTORS AND SECURITY HOLDERS OF II-VI AND COHERENT ARE URGED TO READ THE DEFINITIVE JOINT PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS, FORM S-4 AND OTHER DOCUMENTS FILED WITH THE SEC, AS WELL AS ANY AMENDMENTS OR SUPPLEMENTS TO THESE DOCUMENTS, CAREFULLY IN THEIR ENTIRETY, AS THEY CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROPOSED TRANSACTION. Investors and security holders are able to obtain free copies of these documents and other documents filed with the SEC by II-VI and/or Coherent through the website maintained by the SEC at www.sec.gov. Copies of the documents filed with the SEC by II-VI may be obtained free of charge on II-VI’s investor relations site at https://ii-vi.com/investor-relations. Copies of the documents filed with the SEC by Coherent may be obtained free of charge on Coherent’s investor relations site at https://investor.coherent.com. No Offer or SolicitationThis document shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities, nor shall there be any sale of securities in any jurisdiction in which the offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to the registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such jurisdiction. No offering of securities shall be made except by means of a prospectus meeting the requirements of Section 10 of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Participants in the Solicitation This communication is neither a solicitation of a proxy nor a substitute for any proxy statement or other filings that may be made with the SEC (including the definitive joint proxy statement/prospectus and Form S-4). Nonetheless, II-VI, Coherent and certain of their respective directors and executive officers may be deemed to be participants in the solicitation of proxies in respect of the proposed transaction. Information about II-VI’s executive officers and directors and their ownership of II-VI common stock can be found in II-VI’s proxy statement for its 2020 annual meeting, which was filed with the SEC on September 29, 2020 and in II-VI’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, which was filed with the SEC on August 26, 2020. Information about Coherent’s executive officers and directors and their ownership of Coherent common stock can be found in Coherent’s proxy statement for its 2021 annual meeting, which was filed with the SEC on March 19, 2021 and in Coherent’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 3, 2020, which was filed with the SEC on December 1, 2020 (and amended on February 1, 2021). Additional information regarding the interests of such potential participants is included the definitive joint proxy statement/prospectus and relevant other documents to be filed with the SEC when such other documents become available. These documents may be obtained free of charge from the SEC's website, II-VI or Coherent using the sources indicated above. Investors:Media:II-VIII-VIMary Jane RaymondSard Verbinnen & CoChief Financial OfficerGeorge Sard / Jared Levy / David [email protected]@sardverb.comwww.ii-vi.com/contact-us CoherentCoherentCharlie KoonsJonathan Doorley / Rebecca KralBrunswick GroupBrunswick Group+1 (917) 246-1458+1 (917) 459-0419 / +1 (917) 818-9002

Are Investors Undervaluing II-VI Incorporated (NASDAQ:IIVI) By 49%?

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of II-VI Incorporated.

II-VI Incorporated to Host “II-VI Advanced Markets & Technologies” Investor Webcast on May 20

Virtual Event Highlights II-VI’s Innovation Strategy, Markets, and Technology Platforms Underpinning the Transformation to Mobile, Intelligent, and ElectricPITTSBURGH, May 11, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- II-VI Incorporated (Nasdaq: IIVI), a global leader in engineered materials and optoelectronic components, announced today that the Company will present a special webcast for investors on Thursday, May 20, 2021, from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. ET. The “II-VI Advanced Markets & Technologies” event will feature II-VI’s top leaders presenting insights into the Company’s innovation strategy, markets, and technology platforms. A live Q&A with equity analysts will follow the presentations, beginning at 11:30 a.m., and will be hosted by Dr. Vincent D. (Chuck) Mattera, Jr., CEO Dr. Giovanni Barbarossa, Chief Strategy Officer and President of the Compound Semiconductors Segment and Mary Jane Raymond, Chief Financial Officer. Webcast URL: Individuals wishing to participate in the webcast can access the event at the Company’s website, www.ii-vi.com, or via https://event.webcasts.com/starthere.jsp?ei=1458618&tp_key=0d84852a81. The presentation materials will be available on the Investor Relations tab of the II-VI website at ii-vi.com/investor-presentations/. About II-VI Incorporated II-VI Incorporated, a global leader in engineered materials and optoelectronic components, is a vertically integrated manufacturing company that develops innovative products for diversified applications in communications, industrial, aerospace & defense, semiconductor capital equipment, life sciences, consumer electronics, and automotive markets. Headquartered in Saxonburg, Pennsylvania, the Company has research and development, manufacturing, sales, service, and distribution facilities worldwide. The Company produces a wide variety of application-specific photonic and electronic materials and components, and deploys them in various forms, including integrated with advanced software to support our customers. For more information, please visit us at www.ii-vi.com. Forward-Looking Statements This press release contains forward-looking statements relating to future events and expectations that are based on certain assumptions and contingencies. The forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and relate to the Company’s performance on a going-forward basis. The forward-looking statements in this press release involve risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results, performance, or trends to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements herein or in previous disclosures. The Company believes that all forward-looking statements made by it in this press release have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that management’s expectations, beliefs, or projections as expressed in the forward-looking statements will actually occur or prove to be correct. In addition to general industry and global economic conditions, factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements in this press release include but are not limited to: (i) the failure of any one or more of the assumptions stated above to prove to be correct (ii) the risks relating to forward-looking statements and other “Risk Factors” discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 (iii) the purchasing patterns of customers and end users (iv) the timely release of new products, and acceptance of such new products by the market (v) the introduction of new products by competitors and other competitive responses (vi) the Company’s ability to assimilate recently acquired businesses, and risks, costs, and uncertainties associated with such acquisitions (vii) the Company’s ability to devise and execute strategies to respond to market conditions and/or (viii) the risks of business and economic disruption related to the currently ongoing COVID-19 outbreak and any other worldwide health epidemics and outbreaks that may arise. The Company disclaims any obligation to update information contained in these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or developments, or otherwise. CONTACT: Mary Jane RaymondChief Financial [email protected]/contact-us

II-VI (IIVI) Q3 2021 Earnings Call Transcript

Image source: The Motley Fool. II-VI (NASDAQ: IIVI)Q3 2021 Earnings CallMay 06, 2021, 9:00 a.m. ETContents: Prepared Remarks Questions and Answers Call Participants Prepared Remarks: OperatorGood day, and welcome to the II-VI fiscal Q3 earnings conference call.

II-VI Shares Are Trading Lower Despite Q3 Earnings Beat As Q4 EPS Outlook Falls Short

View more earnings on IIVISee more from BenzingaClick here for options trades from BenzingaGogo Stock Flies High Q1 Earnings Beat, Raised FY21 GuidanceShift4 Payments Stock Sheds After Missing On Q1 Earnings, Raised FY21 Guidance© 2021 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

II-VI (IIVI) Surpasses Q3 Earnings and Revenue Estimates

II-VI (IIVI) delivered earnings and revenue surprises of 3.41% and 1.35%, respectively, for the quarter ended March 2021. Do the numbers hold clues to what lies ahead for the stock?

II-VI stock sinks toward 6-month low after earnings beat expectations, but profit outlook comes up shy

Shares of II-VI Inc. sank 6.1% toward a six-month low in premarket trading Thursday, after the optical technology company beat fiscal third-quarter earnings expectations, but provided a downbeat profit outlook for the current quarter. Net income for the quarter to March 31 rose to $81.1 million, or 66 cents a share, from $5.9 mullion, or 6 cents a share, in the year-ago period. Excluding nonrecurring items, adjusted earnings per share nearly doubled, to 91 cents from 47 cents, and beat the FactSet consensus of 88 cents. Revenue grew 24.9% to $783.2 million, above the FactSet consensus of $772.3 million, with photonic solutions revenue rising 21.6% to $508.0 million and compound semiconductor revenue growing 31.5% to $275.3 million. For the fiscal fourth quarter ending June 30, the company expects adjusted EPS of 63 cents to 83 cents, below the current FactSet consensus of 92 cents, while the revenue guidance of $752 million to $802 million surrounds expectations of $796 million. The stock, which is on track to open at the lowest price seen during regular-session hours since November 2020, has shed 15.0% year to date through Wednesday, while the S&P 500 has advanced 11.0%.


Store: WW1 Aero

60 pages – A Brief History of the Caproni Ca.1 Farnborough’s Final Flop Sopwiths Over Kingston…New York Drawings (Sopwith Pup) Aircraft: Coughlin D.VIII, Shaw Sopwith Camel, Airdrome Aeroplanes D.VIII Museums & Organizations: Rhinebeck Nieuport 11, EAA AirVenture WW1 Event, Fantasy of Flight Curtiss Jenny Models: Sal Calvagna Ilya Muromets, Jim Lund 1/72 Model Collection Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #226 – February 2016

60 pages – Thomas-Morse S-4B Restoration Update Learning to Fly Military Aviation Museum / Vintage Aviation Services S.E.5a Project Aircraft: Aircraft: Michel Fithian’s 1912 Lohner Taube, Vintage Aviation Services Bristol Fighter Restoration, Brian Coughlin’s 1911 Barber Valkyrie Museums & Organizations: Kermit Weeks Fokker D.VII, Collings Foundation Curtiss Pusher, Shuttleworth Project Blériot Archive Models Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #225 – November 2015

60 pages – Pyramids! From The Height Of This Monoplane, 80 Horsepowers Look Down Upon You!: Three French Attempts To Fly To Egypt, 1913-14 (Part 5) I Want To Fly – But How?: Aeronauts Using a “Zip Line” Scheme to Become Airborne Extant B.E.2s Wright Experience Reproductions For Sale Aircraft: Craftlab’s Hansa-Brandenburg C.I Brian Coughlin’s Sopwith Pup and Fokker D.VIII Bremner Bristol Scout’s First Public Flights Museums & Organizations: Fagen Fighters Museum Curtiss Jenny Wright Experience Curtiss Jenny Military Aviation Museum Morane-Sauliner AI RAF Museum National Lottery Award Ithaca Thomas-Morse Scout Update Models Publications Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #224 – August 2015

60 pages – Pyramids! From The Height Of This Monoplane, 80 Horsepowers Look Down Upon You! (Part 4) Flying the Fokker E.III 1264: A Unique Scout Aircraft: Pierre Racette Bleriot XI, John Shaw Sopwith Camel, Brian Coughlin’s Fokker D.VIIIs, TVAL Fokker D.VII Museums & Organizations: Avalon International Airshow 2015 Drawings: Bristol Scout Models: New Releases, Sal Calvagna’s Ilya Muromets, Jim Lund Caproni Ca.3

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WW1 Aero #223 – May 2015

100 pages – Pyramids! From The Height Of This Monoplane, 80 Horsepowers Look Down Upon You! Three French Attempts To Fly To Egypt, 1913-14 (Part 3) A Foundation of Science The Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome’s Fokker Eindecker Comes Out of Storage TAVAS Fokker E.III Drawings (Fokker Eindecker) Aircraft: Brian Coughlin’s Fokker D.VIII / Barber Valkyrie / Sopwith Pup, Craftlab Vienna Project Updates Museums & Organizations: 2014 Great War Aeroplanes Association Dawn Patrol Rendezvous, TAVAS Bristol Fighter, Shuttleworth Sopwith Camel / Triplane Models Historiography Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #222 – February 2015

100 pages – Pyramids! From The Height Of This Monoplane, 80 Horsepowers Look Down Upon You! Three French Attempts To Fly To Egypt, 1913-14 (Part 2) Spirito Mario Viale and His Engines Builder’s Report: MOSI Viale 35 hp Engine Reproduction The Bolling Mission to Europe An Early All Metal Monoplane Built In The USA: A Jigsaw Puzzle Drawings: Sopwith Snipe Aircraft: Nick Caudwell’s Sopwith Snipe Reproduction Takes Flight (Pilot Report),Brian Coughlin’s Sopwith Camel Project Museums & Organizations: Fighter Factory / Military Aviation Museum Current Projects, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome Current / Upcoming Projects, Shuttleworth Collection Current Projects Models Aero Sim Flying (News / New Releases / Reviews) Publications Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #221 – November 2014

100 pages – Pyramids! From The Height Of This Monoplane, 80 Horsepowers Look Down Upon You!: Three French Attempts To Fly To Egypt, 1913-14 (Part 1) Have a Fly With Me!: Bold Aeronauts Meet and Gleefully Predict! (Aero Club of America’s First Exhibition of Aeronautical Apparatus, January 1906) A Fokker For The Cradle A Brand New, 100-Year-Old Rotary Engine Drawings: 100hp Gnome Rotary Aircraft: Aeroplane Collection Sopwith Snipe, Rebirth of a 1912 Taube (Update) Museums & Organizations: Military Aviation Museum’s 2014 Biplanes & Triplanes Air Show Models Aero Sim Flying (New Releases) Publications Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #220 – August 2014

100 pages – A Summary of Daimler Aero Engines: Aircraft (Part 4) The Australian Vintage Aviation Society: Bringing Aviation Past Back to Life and Giving it a Future Lt. Hans Böhning and Royal Bavarian Jagdstaffel 76 Restoring Old Rhinebeck’s Albatros D.Va Pilot Report: Recollections of a First Flight in Old Rhinebeck’s Albatros D.Va Aircraft: From the Cockpit – Craftlab Albatros D.III, Fred Murrin Projects, On the Camel Trail (Update) Museums & Organizations: TAVAS Acquires Johnson Monoplane Shuttleworth S.E.5a Announcement Shuttleworth B.E.2e Reproductions Military Aviation Museum Fokker D.VII Models Publications Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #219 – May 2014

219, May 2014 100 pages – And Triumphed Over All: Marcel-Georges Brindejonc des Moulinais, Maurice Guillaux and the Pommery Cup (Part 4) Morane-Saulnier Monoplanes (Part 3) A Summary of Daimler Aero Engines: Aircraft (Part 3) Everything Was Being Wrecked By Air-Impotence: Air Power as a Force Multiplier During the Last Days of the Arab Revolt, September 1918 The Checkerboard SPAD Koblenz Carnival Showbird color profiles Aircraft: Nick Caudwell’s Sopwith Snipe Reproduction, Tim Plunkett’s Fokker D.VII reproduction Museums & Organizations: Centenary of Military Aviation in Australia, TVAL Evening WWI Airshow Models (WRAM Show) Aero Sim Flying (landing the Albatros) New Releases Publications Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #218 – February 2014

218, Feb 2014, 100 pages – And Triumphed Over All (Part 3): Marcel-Georges Brindejonc des Moulinais, Maurice Guillaux and the Pommery Cup Morane-Saulnier Monoplanes (Part 2) A Summary of Daimler Aero Engines: Aircraft (Part 2) Moonshiners vs. the Military in Mississippi 1918 Flying the Curtiss Jenny (Karli Restoration) Identification X New Replicraft SPAD VII Drawing Samples Aircraft: Brian Coughlin’s Sopwith Pup Museums & Organizations: RAAF Museum Bristol Boxkite Reproduction, Owls Head Transportation Museum SPAD XIII, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome S.E.5a, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome Albatros D.Va Models Aero Sim Flying (Flying the Albatros) New Releases Publications Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #217 – November 2013

217, Nov 2013, 100 pages – And Triumphed Over All (Part 2): Marcel-Georges Brindejonc des Moulinais, Maurice Guillaux and the Pommery Cup Morane-Saulnier Monoplanes (Part 1) Omaka Aviation Heritage Centre’s Morane-Saulnier G When Radio Communication Took to the Air During World War I An Early German Attempt at Vertical Take Off And Landing Aircraft: Daniel Ryfa’s S.E.5a Reproduction, Andrew King’s Morane N Reproduction Museums & Organizations: Shuttleworth Sopwith Camel, TVAL Albatros D.II, Military Aviation Museum Curtiss Jenny Models Aero Sim Flying: Albatros D.III (Oeffag) Rise of Flight Communiqués: FE.2b, Weapons Modifications Publications Wants & Disposals From the Board

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WW1 Aero #216 – August 2013

216, August 2013, 100 pages – From the Editor: The Whitehead Saga Continues (Gustave Whitehead Controversy) And Triumphed Over All (Part 1): Marcel-Georges Brindejonc des Moulinais, Maurice Guillaux and the Pommery Cup A Summary of Daimler Aero Engines: Airships (Part 1) 100 Years in the Making (Bristol F.2b mockup) Building a World War I Aerodrome: Payne Field The B.E.2 Under Wraps Drawings: Bristol F.2b Museums & Organizations: Classic Fighters Omaka – March 29-31, 2013, Scenes From Omaka Aviation Heritage Centre, ANZAC Airshow 2013 – April 27, 2013 Aircraft: Andrew Willox BE2a Photo Recreation / Project Update, Brian Coughlin’s Sopwith Pup Project Models Rise Of Flight Communiqués: SPAD VII versus Albatros D.III Publications Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #215 – May 2013

215, May 2013, 100 pages – GUSTAVE WHITEHEAD CONTROVERSY: Jane’s Credits Gustave Whitehead with First Powered Flight (From the Editor) Whitehead and the Wrights: 1 Myth? 2 Myths? 0 Myths? (Leo Opdycke) The Flight Claims of Gustave Whitehead / The Wright-Smithsonian Contract (Dr. Tom Crouch, Curator, NASM) Open Letters: John Brown, Tom Crouch detail of Whitehead section (NASM photo) From Kite to Glider to Powered Flight: The AEA Gets Into the Air Harrowing Tales of Pilot Training at Payne Field Differences Between the Thomas-Morse S-4B and S-4C: Lessons and Questions From an Ongoing Restoration (Part 2) Museums & Organizations: Wright Company Factory Restoration / Monument Proposal, Deutsches Technikmuseum Pfalz D.VIII, Elliott Museum’s 1911 Willoughby “Pelican”, Brand New Gnome Rotary Engine Aircraft: Pierre Racette’s Second Blériot XI-2 Project, Craftlab Vienna Project Updates (Rumpler C.IV 1463/17, Hansa-Brandenburg C.I Series 29 & Hansa- Brandenburg KD.I Series 28 “Starstrutter”) Models (includes review of Flyzone’s R/C Fokker Dr.1 and S.E.5a) Aero Sim Flying (landing the FSX Fokker Dr.1) New Releases Rise of Flight Communiqués (Review: Halberstadt D.II, Roland C.IIa and Nieuport 17 (GBR)) Publications Wants & Disposals From the Board (2012 Financial Report)

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WW1 Aero #214 – February 2013

100 pages – Morane-Saulnier BB (Part 3) Flying the Albatros D.III (Oef) 253.24 On The Camel Trail (John Shaw Sopwith Camel reproduction) Differences Between the Thomas Morse S-4B and S-4C: Lessons and Questions From an Ongoing Restoration (Part 1) Identification X Museums & Organizations: Biplanes and Triplanes Air Show 2012, Donnet Lévêque Type C Engine Tests, Achim Engels / TAVAS Deal Aircraft: Andrew Willox’s BE2a Project Update, Pierre Racette / Marcel Deschamps Bleriot XI-2 First Flight / Crash Report Models Aero Sim Flying Rise of Flight Communiqués (Review – English Channel Map, Felixstowe F.2A, and Brandenburg W12) Publications Wants & Disposals From the Board

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WW1 Aero #213 – November 2012

100 pages – Morane-Saulnier BB (Part 2) First Flights in My Dr.1 (Jim Bruton Triplane) Wilbur Wright: A Life of Consequence – Dayton Remembers “The Father of Aviation” on the 100th Anniversary of His Death Happiness Is Building Wings (Part 3) Donnet Lévêque Type C Reproduction Flying Golden Age Air Museum’s Sopwith Pup Identification X Drawings: Ansaldo SVA10, LVG C.VI Museums & Organizations: Original Ansaldo SVA 10 Restored in Italy, New RAF Museum Acquisitions Visit Shuttleworth, Memorial Flight’s LVG C.VI and BE2f Projects Models Aero Sim Flying: Flying Neoqb’s Fokker Dr.1 in FSX Historiography Publications Wants & Disposals From the Board

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WW1 Aero #212 – August 2012

100 pages – Morane-Saulnier BB (Part 1) Canada’s First Aviation Meet: La Grande Semaine d’Aviation de Montreal June 25th – July 5th, 1910 Reproducing The Albatros B.II Type 24 When Aeroplanes Spoiled the War Betty’s Blériot (Part 2): Comparing Blériot Flying Characteristics With Anzani and Gnome Engines Museums & Organizations: 2012 ANZAC Air Show, 2011 Over The Front Seminar Early Birds Foundation Fokker D.VII Aircraft: Craftlab Albatros D.III Maiden Flight Models Rise of Flight Communiqués Publications Wants & Disposals From the Board

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WW1 Aero #211 – May 2012

138 pages – Avro Type F Special Issue: 1912 Avro Type F (new GA drawings) Builder’s Report: MOSI 1912 Avro Type F Replica No Contest: The Military Aeroplane Competition of 1912 (Part 7) Fokker D.VII in Sweden (Mikael Carlson Reproduction) Happiness Is Building Wings (Part 2) Betty’s Blériot (Chad Wille Reproduction) Drawings: Rozendaal Blériot XI drawings, Herb Kelley Fokker D.VII drawings Museums & Organizations: Shuttleworth Collection Avro 504K, Dayton National Park 1902 Wright Glider, RAF Museum Sopwith Dolphin, Memorial Flight Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter TVAL’s Second Fokker D.VIII Aircraft: Achim Engels Fokker D.VIII (Color Plates), Jim Bruton’s Fokker Dr.1 Models Aero Sim Flying (Landing a real world Fokker Triplane) New Releases Rise Of Flight Communiqués (Situational Awareness) Publications Wants & Disposals From The Board

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WW1 Aero #210 – February 2012

122 pages – SOARING100 Special Issue: Stuart Tantrum Obituary The Year of 1911 in Aviation… and the Wright Glider In Review: SOARING100 The Men of the Kill Devil Hills Life-Saving Station: “First Ground Crew for Aviation” 1901 – 1911 A Jenny’s Reawakening (Curtiss JN-4D FOR SALE) No Contest: The Military Aeroplane Competition of 1912 (Part 6) Development of Fokker’s V.2 and V.3 Aircraft (Part 2) A Tale of Two Blériots Drawings: Herb Kelley Wright Gliders 1899-1902, Wright 1911 Glider by Wesley Smith, Curtiss Jenny drawings Museums & Organizations: 2011 Military Aviation Museum Biplanes and Triplanes Air Show 2011 World War I Dawn Patrol Rendezvous Aircraft: Andrew Willox’s BE2a Project, Blue Max Fokker Triplane / Slingsby S.E.5a Visit Pearson Field Aero Sim Flying: Flying the real-world Fokker Triplane (Part 2) Flight Simulator New Release: HP O/400 Rise of Flight Communiqués: Career Mode and Recent Updates Historiography Publications From the Board Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #209 – November 2011

144 pages – 50th Anniversary Issue: “FLIGHT” by Leo Opdycke 1913 Grahame-White “Lizzie” A Tale of Two Tommies No Contest: The Military Aeroplane Competition of 1912 (Part 5) Happiness Is Building Wings (Part 1) Development of Fokker’s V.2 and V.3 Aircraft (Part 1) Great War Replica Aircraft’s Bristol F.2b Looking Back: 50 Years of WW1 Aero Leo Opdycke’s Bristol Scout (Including color profile by Bob Pearson) Drawings: Thomas-Morse S-4C, Bristol F. 2b Museums & Organizations: Cradle of Aviation Museum’s Thomas-Morse S-4C Restoration, Golden Age Air Museum’s Wings & Wheels Extravaganza, Golden Age Air Museum’s Sopwith Pup Project, The Shuttleworth Collection’s Military Pageant Air Display Aircraft: Aviation Institute of Maintenance (Kansas City) Morane Saulnier AI Project, Brian Coughlin’s Fokker Triplane Models Aero Sim Flying: Flying the real-world Fokker Triplane Publications Wants & Disposals From The Board

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WW1 Aero #208 – August 2011

128 pages – Freshfield Aviators Dan-San Abbott Obituary Restoring Rumpler C.IV 1463/17 No Contest: The Military Aeroplane Competition of 1912 (Part 4) The Other LVG C.VI (DFW C.V aircraft built by LVG) The Origins of Aerial Warfare Sperry Autopilot Experimentation 1912 – 1919 Drawings: Airco D.H.2 rigging notes, Albatros D.II drawings Museums & Organizations: Classic Fighters Air Show, Kermit Weeks/Fantasy of Flight Albatros D.Va, EAA Museum Blériot XI Reproduction Aircraft: Brian Karli / Ron Alexander Curtiss Jenny Restoration, ”Biggles Biplane” B.E.2c Reproduction Flight Models Aero Sim Flying: S.E.5a for FSX Rise of Flight Communiqués: Lanoe Hawker vs. Manfred von Richthofen Dogfight Recreation Publications Wants & Disposals From The Board Updated Ad Section

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WW1 Aero #207 – May 2011

133 pages – Wings Over The English Channel (Pascal Kremer Bleriot XI Channel Crossing) Rebirth of a 1912 Taube No Contest: The Military Aeroplane Competition of 1912 (Part 3) German Parachutes in the Great War Returning Biggles Biplane To The Skies (B.E.2c) Bomber Testing at Hazelhurst Field Drawings: 70 hp Renault engine drawings by David Hall, B.E.2c drawings Museums & Organizations: Deutsches Museum 1913 Otto Pusher, Wings Over Wairarapa Air Show Aircraft: Mikael Carlson Fokker D.VII, Koloman Mayrhofer/Craftlab Albatros D.III Film: A Dream Grows Wings (new Achim Engels / Fokker documentary) Models Aero Sim Flying (Flying a real Sopwith Camel) Rise of Flight Communiqués (Rise of Flight’s New Gotha G.V & DFW C.V) Publications Wants & Disposals From the Board (Year End Report)

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WW1 Aero #206 – February 2011

150 pages – Royal Aeronautical Society Aeronautical Heritage Award to Muswell Manor The Johnson Monoplane (History / Seiser reproduction) No Contest: The Military Aeroplane Competition of 1912 (Part 2) A Nose is a Nose is a Nose (S.E.5a) The Fokker-Flugzeugwerke Museum Plan: Third Time’s A Charm – The Blue Max Triplane Comes Home Jenny Modifications at Hazelhurst Field Drawings: Woseley Viper engine, S.E.5a GA drawings for various powerplants, radiator shutters, propellers, front fairings Museums & Organizations: Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome Sopwith Dolphin, San Diego Air & Space Museum Nieuport 11, Military Aviation Museum WW1 Hangar Aircraft: Jack Kearbey Sopwith Pup, Achim Engels Fokker E.III, Andrew Willox BE2a, Herbert Seiser Fokker Spin, Models Aero Sim Flying (FSX S.E.5a & Sopwith Camel) Publications From The Board

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WW1 Aero #205 – November 2010

149 pages – Jim Appleby, The Elaborate Conception of Aerial Navigation in America: A Long Look Back at the Revoloidal Spindle Aeroport Experiments Conducted by Rufus Porter and Thomas Robjohn during the California Gold Rush A Sopwith Camel Comes Back To Life No Contest: The Military Aeroplane Competition of 1912 (Part 1) Fokker Triplane: Five Years In a Barn Gas Bags, Dragons and Elephants (Part 2) Fokker V.I – Towards an Understanding (Part 4) Central Park Flying Field Drawings: Charles Schultz Curtiss Model D, Sopwith Camel Museums & Organizations: Military Aviation Museum Biplanes & Zeppelins Airshow Aircraft: Bob Coolbaugh Curtiss Pusher, Pierre Racette / Marcel Deschamps Bleriot XI-2, Achim Engels Fokker D.VIII, The Aeroplane Collection Sopwith Snipe Models Aero Sim Flying Historiography (by Leo Opdycke) Publications From the Board Wants & Disposals

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WW1 Aero #204 – August 2010

143 pages – 101 Aeroplanes: The Exposure of Colonel Seely Flying a Pup, Half-A-World Away (Fred Murrin Sopwith Pup) Military Service of Wing Commander Norman Herford Dimmock AFC Alone Across the English Channel: America’s First Birdwoman – Harriet Quimby [1875-1912] MOSI’s Roe I Triplane Replica (G-CFTF) Gas Bags, Dragons and Elephants – Part 1 (Dan-San Abbott Column) Fokker V.I – Towards an Understanding (Part 3) Air Museum Pioneer: The Roosevelt Field Historical Aviation Museum Reinventing the Liberty Cap – Part 3 Identification X Drawings: Liberty Engine Ignition Timing Diagram, Diagram of Liberty Engine Electrical Connections From “Air Publication 949, The 12-Cylinder Liberty Aero Engine, 400 H.P. – Air Ministry, February, 1924″, Dixie Magneto Drawings From “Instruction Bulletin: Dixie Magneto For Eight-Cylinder Engines – Airplane Models”, Herb Kelley Fokker V.I Drawings, Original Sopwith Factory GA Drawings: Sopwith Pup Museums & Organizations: Early Birds Foundation Holland, RAF Museum’s Sopwith Dolphin, Biplanes & Zeppelins Air Show Aircraft: Pierre Racette’s Bleriot XI-2 Reproduction, Jim Bruton’s Fokker Triplane Project, Fernand Saint-André’s Albatros D.V Project, Models, Aero Sim Flying (Wright Flyer Comparison: “First Flight: The Wright Experience” & “Flight Simulator 2004: A Century of Flight”) From the Board Publications Wants & Disposals Letters

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WW1 Aero #203 – May 2010

137 pages – FE2b Built by John McKenzie Cock and Bull Stories That Worked (Dan San Abbott Column) Building a Set of Curtiss Jenny Wings Fokker V.I – Towards an Understanding (Part 2) The Grose-Feary (Oakington) Monoplane (Part 1) George F. Myers – Helicopter Pioneer (Part 2) Reinventing the Liberty Cap (Part 2) 110 hp Le Rhône Rotary Engine in 3D (includes 3D model by Gerry Mos) Drawings: Original 110 Le Rhône factory drawings Curtiss Canuck three view and wing / aileron drawings produced by Canadian Aeroplanes Limited Museums & Organizations: 1909 Roe I Triplane Reproduction British Aeroplane Production Turns 100 (A.V. Roe Celebration) Avro Type F Reproduction Yankee Air Museum’s SPAD XIII Reproduction Stow Maries Aerodrome Golden Age Air Museum’s Curtiss Jenny Restoration Aircraft: John McKenzie’s BE2b Project The Aeroplane Collection’s Sopwith Snipe Project Ivansek Pfalz D.XII Reproduction Models Aero Sim Flying (First Flight: The Wright Experience) From the Board (Including 2009 Financial Report) Publications Letters

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WW1 Aero #202 – February 2010

135 pages – Fokker E.V Wing Streaking Blue Swallow Aircraft’s Avro 504 Project John J. Montgomery and the First Gliding Flights in America 1884-1886 Bantam Bat Restoration (The Last Koolhoven in the World) Details about a 1913 postcard mentioning deHavilland’s B.S.1 wreck and featuring a photo of the Farnborough Workshops (A Picture Tells a Story) Fred Berg’s Fokker D.VII (Tales of a Fokker D.VII) George F. Myers – Helicopter Pioneer Photo Essay (Part 1) Fokker V.1: Towards an Understanding (Part 1) 3D V.1 drawings by Gerry Mos Kip Motor Company’s reproduction Liberty engine distributor caps (Reinventing the Liberty Cap – Part 1) Drawings: Liberty Engine drawings from “Liberty Twelve Aircraft Engine” Equipment Division, Signal Corps, U.S.A.” Avro 504 three view from the “Manufacturer’s Order of Erection” Avro 504 detail drawings from a partial set of Danish drawings made in 1923 Museums & Organizations: Dayton Dawn Patrol Rendezvous 2009 Selfridge Military Air Museum’s SPAD XIII reproduction Kalamazoo Air Zoo Sopwith Camel Aircraft: Aviation Institute of Maintenance Nieuport 24 reproduction Koloman Mayrhofer / Craftlab Albatros Projects Pur Sang Avro 504 reproduction Models (including Manzano Laser 24” Fokker E.III review & Herb Kelley Fokker V.1 model plans) Introduction to Flight Simulators Publications Letters (Digital Transition)

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WW1 Aero #201 – August 2008

128 pages – Ed & Board column Financials 2007-2008 Gallaudet Story pt. 19 – the Curtiss HS-2L (R. Gordon) Thousand Miles on a Camel’s Back (T. Plunkett, Sopwith Camel) Grandad’s Wings (D. Bremner, Bristol Scout) Bristol M.1 tech. dwg list (D. Staha) Bldg Early-variant BE2a rudders (A. Willox) Fokker Dr.I project (J. Bruton) Rinaldi Camel project (R. Rinaldi) Engine dwgs: Hall-Scott A-7, Kirkham B-6, Curtiss OX (reprint) Archiv Peter M. Grosz Fokker V.21, wooden fuselage D.VII’s, V.3 Farman IV Reconstruction (G. Galli) Gnome Antoinette photo, Sperry Aeroplane Stabilizer photo W.I. Chambers Confidential Rpt re: Naval Ops Aerobus postcard (K. Kort) Cartoon (L. Ionnitiu) Color Section: Artist Russell Smith 8 paintings Pioneer Flt Mus Fokker Dr.I Roger Freeman-built SPAD XIII Mikael Carlson’s Fokker Dr.I A.H.C.’s DH.2 Opdycke Bristol Scout J. Petroelje’s Macchi M5 S.F. Cody photo Tallmantz N.28 WW1 AERO cover #41 O. Kunhi drwg M. Esch drwg Models WRAMs show Time’s Tarmac IDX Drawings: Fokker D.III (J. Slottje) Halberstadt D.II & Pfalz D.XII (G. Odenwaller) Photographs: Sopwith Triplane noseovers, Sopwith Schneider Cup Racer, Curtiss Model F Flying Boat Letters, Reviews Museums Orgs & Archives W&D

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WW1 Aero #200 – May 2008

128 pages – Commemorative Issue Ed & Board on 200th Issue ANTIQUE AIRPLANE ASSOCIATION (1 June 1961, Issue #1) WANTS & DISPOSALS (ANTIQUE AIRPLANE ASSOCIATION – WORLD WAR ONE CLUB (December 1961, Issue #1) WORLD WAR 1 AEROPLANES, Editor’s Column (October 1971, Issue #33) TURNBUCKLES (April 1973, Issue #40) BRUNING-FORSEMAN (sic) R Dreidecker (“POLL GIANT”) by Peter M. Grosz (April 1976, Issue #56) BRISTOL SCOUT D (3-view, Stan Brennan, 1975) (August 1976, Issue #58) COLE PALEN’S OLD RHINEBECK AERODROME (April 1977, Issue #62) FOKKER D.VIII WING & AIRFOILS by Charles R. Cash, Jr., (May 1980, Issue #79) FOKKER D.VIII Aerofoil Drawing by George Ballinger (May 1980, Issues #79) FOKKER D.VIII Aerofoil Drawing by Charles R. Cash, Jr., (May 1980, Issue #79) FACT & THE FOKKER D.VIII WING by Peter M. Bowers (May 1980, Issue #79) REINHOLD D. PLATZ & THE D.VIII REPRODUCTION by Ed Swearingen (May 1960, Issue #79) FOKKER D.VIII Cessna 172/D.VIII Drawing by Charles R. Cash, Jr., (May 1980, Issue #79) SANTOS=DUMONT DEMOISELLE 3-view by J. W. Batter, 1980 (October 1980, Issue #81) A MERCEDES… but which one? by Wally Batter (December 1982, Issue #92) a big bag of INSTRUMENTS by Wally Batter (December 1982, Issue #92) WORLD WAR 1 AEROPLANES (July 1984, Issue #100) EDITOR’S COLUMN THAT FOKKER’S AN ALBATROS! by Wally Batter (December 1984, Issue #102) RAF BE.1 by Paul R. Hare (April 1988, Issue #119) HISTORIOGRAPHY by Leonard E. Opdycke (September 1988, Issue #121) ARCHIV: PETER M. GROSZ, ed, exhaust stacks (August 1990, Issue #129) ARCHIV: PETER M. GROSZ, ed, Manfred von Richthofen Gives Tony Fokker the Facts of Fighter Life, exhaust stacks Pt. II (November 1990, Issue #130) THE BRUNING-FORSTMANN (POLL) GIANT TRIPLANE cont’d (February 2000, Issue #167) COANDA 1910 Drawings (August 2002, Issue #177) EXTANT WRIGHT TYPES by Leonard E. Opdycke (February 2003, Issue #179) PFALZ D.XII Drawings by George H. Odenwaller (August 2006, Issue #193) auction notice Vin Fiz wing strut relic

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WW1 Aero #199 – February 2008

128 pages – Flying the Sopwith Pup – Interview with Dick and Matt King Cole Palen’s Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome c. 1988, Five days with Cole and Rita Palen Rhinebeck Aerodrome Museum Petition filed with NYS Bleriot XI in Latin America Gallaudet story part 18 – A Potpourri Cataloging your archival collection The Many Faces of the Red Baron A unique Flying Museum Project (Achim Engels) Bristol M.1C drawings and Aeronautical Inspection Directorate reports, 1917 Color photographs – Shuttleworth Bristol M.1C and Bristol F.2B photos Michael O’Neal collection of paintings pre-war aviation badge collection Rhinebeck Aerodrome photos, Fokker-Team-Shorndorf photos Fokker D.VII Project (J. Brooks), Fokker Dr.I project (J. Bruton), SPAD XIII (Zanardo) Models Times Tarmac ID-X Drawings – 1911 Light Farman, 1916 Albatros Reconnaissance Biplane, 1916 L.V.G D.IX, 1917 L.V.G. C.VI Letters Reviews Museums & Organizations W&D

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WW1 Aero #198 – November 2007

128 pages – Ed & board column Cody Wing Warp Control Russian Air Flt ’14-’17 Alb DIII Repro Gallaudet Story, Pt 17 US Navy Flamboyant Fish Boats Antique Aero Fly-In Linke-Hofmann Giant Machines 1918 Air Service Camo Rpt Sopwith Pup Restor Bleriot XI in Latin Am Pt 1 Gallery Old Rhinebeck Aeromarine 39-B Case of the Curious Card Zeppelin Down Dawn Patrol Fly-In Dayton IDX Models Times Tarmac Aircraft Board Letters Publications W&D

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WW1 Aero #197 – August 2007

144 pages – Ed Column W Wright letter to HH Arnold Bleriot XI Drawings/ Puzzles Olmstead prop dwgs Brooks Aeroplanes first Russian bombers Film/DVD Gallaudet Pt 16 D-4 (cont’d) Stasik bomber Aircraft:Tim Plunkett’s Dr.I Mayrhofer’s Albatros D.IIIs Pinsent’s Nieuport 17 Beale’s Thomas Morse S4C IDX Pilot Reports: Fokker D.VII DH.2 Centerspread painting Russell Smith’s Richthofen crash Times Tarmac Dwgs: Herring-Burgess Green Biplane Museums/Organizations: Omaka Aviation Heritage Ctr Tetros-Plans d’Argenteuil La Ferte Alais Brussels Air Museum Glenn H Curtiss Museum Models Gallery Publications: Jack Hilliard on Capronis, Farmans R Hallion on Schlachtflieger! P Truesdell on British Single Seater Fighter Squadrons on the B Hannan on Alberto Santos Dumont T Polapink’s listing of model av mags Historiography (H Johnson on Av History) Letters W&D

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WW1 Aero #196 – May 2007

143 pages – Preston Watson’s Aeroplanes, dwgs Breguet or Burgess-Collier at ORA, dwg Gallaudet Pt 16A, the D-4, dwg The War With Germany (Statistical Summary) Engels’ A Dream Gets Wings Aircraft Canterspread- Curtiss Triad in Flight Drawings (several early Patent Dwgs) new computerized WWI air story Gallery Museums/Organizations (Century Aviation, Omaka’s Aviation Heritage, Roger Freeman’s works, cont’d, Koloman Mayrhofer, cont’d, WRAM Show, Curtiss Museum (new and old Americas) IDX (Bancroft, Henri Villard) Models (Pfalz dwgs- a study), Ray Williams’ 1/3 scale 80 LeRhone and Morane-Saulnier Type L Publications Film/DVD (Flight of the Triad) Letters (Seiser’s Johnson project) Historiography (Arthur Schlesinger on the subject) Times tarmac (early pilotless bombers W&D

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WW1 Aero #195 – February 2007

144 pages – Obituaries for Grosz & Somer Octave Chanute (Tableau d’Aviation) 1913 Deperdussin Schneider racer (dwgs) Gallery Gallaudet Pt 15, dwgs (Cruisers) Flying my OX5 a/c Ernie Hall & Wright Aeroboat, dwgs Luck in Combat, dwg (bullet-ridden Farman) Schelling’s restored JN-4H Sikorsky’s 1920 prophecy Museums/Organizations (NASM mission statements, 11th Annual Antique Aero Fly-In, Classic Fighters, New Zealand Natl WWI Museum Roger Freeman’s works Owls Head Museum) centerspread (original Bleriot XI dwg) INDEX WW1 AERO #191-194 Aircraft (Petroelje’s Macchi M-V, Spad, Albatros D.Va) Times Tarmac (early photos Cole Palen) Drawings (Morane-Saulnier Type N, Bourcart, 1905 Ludlow, de Turcat-Mery Rougier, Zeppelin Cl.II) IDX Film (DAWN PATROL RENDEZ-VOUS, FLYBOYS (cont’d) NOVA TV pgm on Santos=Dumont) Historiography Models Letters Publications (Schiffer publication on e-mail) W&D

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WW1 Aero #194 – November 2006


141 pages – Santos=Dumont No 14bs, dwgs Gallaudet Pt 14b, dwgs Caproni Ca.60, The Crash, Pt 2 Last Zeppelin Raid, dwgs Building a Triplane Aircraft (3 Bristol Fighters, new da Vinci glider, Nieuport XI monoplane Papin-Rouilly Austro-Hungarian aero workshops The Face of War (photos) IDX centerspread, model Ca.60 in flight Museums/ Organizations (Junge collection, AAHS 50th Anniversary essay, Freeman’s Spad and other projects, Early Birds) Film (FLYBOYS) Models, and Models cont’d (Santos-Dumont 14bis dwgs) Historiography (definition and why, new Florida law re teaching American History) Drawings (Roland fuselage planking, original Alb D.III bulkhead, Zachach flyingboat, several burgess construction dwgs) Letters (Bob Banka & DOX 3-view, Paul Chapman on many things, Ron Moulton’s story Jean Devaux on the Marchal raid Colin Green on museums Lighten Up! by Bill Hannan): Publications (so many good things!) W&D

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WW1 Aero #193 – August 2006


144 pages – 911 Coanda, dwgs J Walter Christie Caproni Ca 60 Capronissimo, dwgs Gallaudet Pt 14a, dwgs Early Aerofoils Historiography in 3D (Cradle of Aviation Museum) Culture in Aviation (air transport) IDX Aircraft Times Tarmac (addenda to FRENCH AEROPLANES BEFORE THE GREAT WAR, 1911 Scott triplane Levavasseur) Centerspread-Mayrhofer’s 3 D.VIII wings) Assembling the Jenny (manual) Museums/Organizations (Cody, McCutcheon’s USAF engineering records project, Canada’s Great War Flying Museum Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome update Freeman’s Spad and other repro projects) Drawings (Pfalz D.XII, the Hydroaerocraft, Curtiss’ reblt Langley Aerodrome) Gallery (Keith Woodcock) Film (New Views in Great War Films, pre-review of FLYBOYS) Models Publications (Lewis’ EDDIE RICKENBACKER, review by T Crouch, THE SPECTACLE OF FLIGHT, by R Wohl, GUNNING FOR THE RED BARON, by L Bennett, WITTGENSTEIN FLIES A KITE, STEAM IN THE AIR) Historiography (Forum essay, Herbert Johnson comments) Letters (Burton’s partscale D.VII project, one semi-anonymous sourbelly letter) W&D

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WW1 Aero #192 – May 2006


144 pages – Ed Column Thousand Dollar Triplane Charles Hamilton Henri Fabre DH-4B & DH-4M Grahame-White, Swamp Cypress, & The DH-6 Curtiss OX5 Pt 2 Hugh Rockwell & engine Aviettes Aircraft: repor 1913 Harlan Militarapparat Koloman Mayrhofer’s new Albatros D.III Paul Muso’s partscale Dr.I & E.III Jim Downey’s 1/2 scale SPAD Herbie Seiser’s Johnson Monoplane Achim Engels repro D.VII’s, E.III’s, Rumpler C.IV, Fokker C.I Centerspread photo (death of Hubert Latham) Time’s Tarmac (Aviatik C.II, Siemens-Schukert D.IV, Hannover CL.II, Walter Christie’s 1910 Monoplane, Verne Babcock’s 1911 Monoplane, cut-away Jenny, Antoinette Monoplane wing structure, Standard floatplane, Benoist floatplane, Christofferson Tractor Biplane) Archiv (P Grosz) – silk coverings Drawings (fabric attachents: Sopwith, Voisin, Handley-Page, and Handley-Page spar fitting, Farman 1928 Science Museum Wright 1903 dwgs Bleriot XI-2 Monoplane Beachey-Eaton Monoplane Papin-Rouilly Gyroptere) Film: Resurrecting The Red Baron) IDX Museums/Organizations (Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome – missing Gnome Type N Udvar-Hazy Center Fight In The Skies Society 2005 Dawn Patrol Fly-In w/photos), Gallery Models (Vern Zundel’s home destroyed in hurricane Scale accuracy of kits and plans Cole Palen Memorial Free-Flight Model Meet 2006 WW1 Dawn Patrol Multi-wing Fly-In NCRCC Dawn Patrol WW1 IMAA Fly-In Pfalz D.IIIa Hansa Brandenburg C.I Fokker D.VII Nieuport 11 scale lozenge fabric plastic models: Sopwith Folder Short 184 Sopwith Baby floatplane Eduard Royal Class D.VII kits Hansa Brandenburg W.12) Historiography (Czar Nicholas) Letters (US Sen. Schumer on Opdycke and WW1 Aeroplanes, Inc.) Publications W&D INDEX WW1 AERO #191

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WW1 Aero #188 – May 2005

144 pages – Santos-Dumont’s de Dion Bouton engine, (dwgs) Building & Flying a Bleriot Cicero Flying Field Pt 3 Gallaudet Pt 10 (dwgs) Archiv-Fokker the Early Years Pt 1 Found: Rumpler C.IV 1463/17 Bloomquist on building his a/c Aircraft (Mayrhofer’s Alb D.Va, 3 Bristol Scouts) Film (AVIATOR BLERIOT – A DARING FLIGHT) Museums/Organizations (NASM Wright exhibit, Dansk Teknisk Museum, Crissy Field/Century Aviation, Fantasy of Flight, Nat’l WW1 Museum) Engines (av engines and automobiles, cont’:d, Bentley BR2, Manly) Drawings (D.VII undercarriage, Nieuport fuselages, Avia H-45 mag, flechette, Bleriot XI-2, Breguet XIV) Gallery (Futurist paintings, early pilot portraits) Models Historiography Publications (coming ROBERT LORAINE GHOSTS OF THE GREAT WAR) Letters (Eacock on testing structures, Paul Poberezny on his Sport Aviation Assn, Alegi on current state of avorganizations, Dubowski on Camel flight characteristics, Alfred Cunningham letter) W&D

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WW1 Aero #181 – August 2003

144 pages – Wright technology (dwgs Wrights 1903-1912) Wrights in the US IDX Gallaudet Pt 4, Model B Flyingboat, (dwgs) Vlach Curtiss one-offs Stanley VW Hiller (dwgs Patterson-Hiller flyingboat) original Farman Sport Aircraft (Sarotti, repro Bleriot XI’s repro SE5As Arango’s repro Fokker D.VI rare Sikorskys dwgs Pilot Reports (Hanriot HD-1) Time’s Tarmac Drawings (Curtiss double-control wheels, Hanriot-Ponnier, Grahame-White sea-plane, Dorner flyingboat) Gallery (Pour le Mérite, John Gould [G-8 and His Battle Aces]) Museums/Organizations (Junk-yard Wars, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome Museum, ORA in Australia, Cradle of Av Museum) Models (Wright models) Letters (letter from Katharine Wright, Neil Davidson on Rotherham air pump) W&D INDEX WW1 AERO #175-178

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WW1 Aero #180 – May 2003

144 pages – May 2003 Gallaudet Pt 2b, 3 (dwgs A-1, A-2) British Bleriot Co Spad Type A (dwgs A.2) IDX Aircraft (Caproni in Slovakia) Museums/Organizations (Canada Av Mus, Wright-Patterson, Chard Mus, Deutsche Luftfahrt Sammlung) Gallery Engines Drawings (Beachey-Eaton, Kettering Bug, DFW C.I, Etrich Taubes Typen A/B, B/C, F, Grahame-White VII, Timson) Models (aluminum construction) Letters Historiography Publications Electronic W&D

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WW1 Aero #179 – February 2003

144 pages – The Wright family the Wright school list of extant Wrights Aviation in India (dwgs Wildeblood a/c) Gallaudet Pt 2b (dwgs 1911 amphibian, proposed machine, Engine No 1) MASTERY OF THE AIR Aircraft ( Dutch D.VIIs, Replica Plans a/c, Grahame Lee’s a/c, Bleriot XI motor-mounts) Historiography Muse-ums/Organizations (Old Rhinebeck, German air museums Chuck Wentworth’s fly-in, Cradle of Aviation) Centerspread (Aces) Archiv (Sablatnig) Engines (Old Rhinebeck’s Hall-Scott) Drawings (French details, Aviatik Wasserflugzeug, German DH-5 dwgs, DFW B.I, Sopwith Camel Baubeschreibung) Time’s Tarmac (Jannus & Aeromarine flyingboats) IDX Gallery Models Letters (diving phenomenon, cont’d, Wrights & the Smithsonian) Publications W&D

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WW1 Aero #178 – November 2002

144 pages – Airship over Vienna Arthur P Warner Beachey-Eaton monoplane, controls Gallaudet Pt 2a recovering the Boxkite AEG C.IV colors Mayrhofer Alb D.III repro, cont’d old McCook Field museum Archiv (1913 Siemens-Halske engine) Aircraft (Seiser’s Fokker Spin, Johnson monoplane) Time’s Tarmac Museums/ Organizations (Bergamo Museum, Linner’s Taubes Minnesota’s Steco Old Rhinebeck Museum) Drawings (French dwgs details Gandy-Vrang monoplane Heinkel-Farman 1911 Deperdussin Type A Trinks Eindecker Typ 3 Curtiss Model F C-3) P3V, cont’d IDX (odd wings at Old Rhinebeck) Models Historiography (article for Boyne’s ENCYCLOPEDIA) Film (Westland CD) Letters Publications W&D

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WW1 Aero #177 – August 2002

144 pages – Russian Powered Flight II Wrights at Kitty Hawk the 5 First Flights Coanda’s a/c, (dwgs) Visit w/Coanda Goliescu, (dwgs) Shuttleworth’s LVG British/ French-blt Spads Time’s Tarmac (Romani-an a/c) Aircraft (Dutch repro D.VII Lohner H repro (dwgs) repro Halberstadt CL.II new repro DH-4 Pilot Reports (Woody Clapp’s fatal crash IDX Museums/Organizations: Old Kingsbury Drawings: French dwgs details RAF BE.2a Sopwith nameplate Historiography Gallery Models (Landon’s Guillow models) Letters: undercambered airfoils, cont’d Publications (Marcel Jean Jean) W&D

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WW1 Aero #171 – February 2001

144 pages – MASTERY OF THE AIR Romania in Av History American Air Power I Grigorovich M-24 Lozenge Fabric Development Pilot Reports (Spad 7, Nieuport 11, Bristol F2B) Aircraft (Garland-Lincolns, Ansaldo A-1, Albany Flyer) Museums/Organizations Gallery Historiography Cockpits & Instruments LXIII Film Archiv (R-plane hangars) Drawings (Goupy I, Sopwith Baby, Caudron R, DH-5, French lighting) Time’s Tarmac (St Louis Expo, kiting, Cleland crashes) Models Publications Letters (Bowers on thin airfoils) W&D INDEX WW1 AERO #167-170

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WW1 Aero #170 – November 2000

144 pages – REP-Chance Vought lawsuit undercambered wings Stein monoplane, (dwgs) Start seaplane, (dwgs) Olmsted Pusher, cont’d Canary’s Snipe update RAF SE5As Russian Nieuports Grigorovich flyingboats repro Fokker E.III Museums/Organizations Cockpits & Instruments LXII Engines (1908 Curtiss) Dwgs (Hansa-Brandenburg, HELL’S ANGELS A/c Nieuport bimoteur Caudron bimoteur Time’s Tarmac (Farman MF 11) Film (THE LAST FLIGHT, HELL’S ANGELS, cont’d) Gallery (Pratt’s NO MAN’S LAND LOOPING THE LOOP, posters) Models Historiography Letters Publications (Incl Gallaudet flyingboat dwg) W&D (EAC Circuit Seaplane dwg)

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WW1 Aero #169 – August 2000

144 pages – Cody Pt 1 Beachey Farman F.40 Fokker Dr.I wing failures Garland-Lincoln Nieuports Aircraft (extant Thomas-Morse Scouts), Boulton-Paul P6, contd) Museums/Organizations (RAF Museum’s LVG C.VI, Old Rhinebeck) Engines (Benz Bz.4, Oberursel UR.2) Time’s Tarmac (early Romanian, 1st issue CROSS & COCKADE) Cockpits & Instruments LXI (Breguet XIV.B2) Models (Koutny’s peanuts, Cooper’s Snipe) Drawings (Caddo Field (HELL’S ANGELS) models, ZFM Nieuport 11, Alb ODD factory dwgs. Jenny wing assembly, Pégoud’s Bleriot XI, Avro 523 factory dwgs, Curtiss F5L, article on availability of FAA dwgs) Publications W&D (original SE5 wings for sale German Special WWI Collection Sale)

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WW1 Aero #164 – May 1999

144 pages – The Wright Patent and US Military Av in WWI Russian Curtisses (Curtiss E Hydroplane dwg) the Friedrichshafen raid Pilot Reports (Triplanes: Sopwith, Dr.I) Aircraft Shuttleworth Camel Farman Sport Mayrhofer D.III Guy Black’s restored F2B Drawings (BAT Monoplane, Voisin Canard Kiger’s D.VII Hall seaplanes 1911 Breguet Grade bamboo jointing Austrian seaplanes Kelley updated D.VIII Cockpits & Instruments (Aeromarine 40) Filiasi Alb D.III radiator, tailskid and rudder Albany Flier Historiography IDX Museums/Organizations (Old Rhinebeck Gustav Whitehead Gallery (George Pratt’s Enemy Ace, War Idyll) Models Publications (New Books for the Aeronautical Library, FRENCH AEROPLANES BEFORE THE GREAT WAR) W&D

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WW1 Aero #161 – August 1998

144 pages – George Spratt & the Wrights Cody, cont’d Curtiss Pusher V(d) Shipboard Catapult Johannisthal Airfield Archiv (Fokker M 17/18) Projects (Jalisco, Dumas Triplane, Fitz Patrick ornithopter) Engines (Galloway Adriatic, 80hp Gnôme, 90hp RAF) Bleriot XI tail-heaviness Heinz Linner Times Tarmac (J Miller) Paul de Lesseps Drawings (Thomas-Morse S-4C, Heinrich 1909 monoplane, Dan Abbott’s Dr.I Peterson’s D.VII spar machine RAAF mechanic’s notebook Spad M/g synchronizer dwgs) Museums/Org (book review of Roberts book Memorial Flight a/c RAF Museum a/c) Gallery (Absolut vodka ad, postcards barrage balloons) Models Letters (Col Jarrett’s letter) Historiography Publications W&D

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WW1 Aero #158 – November 1997

144 pages – Romanian glider Moisant & Hoxsey crashes Paul’s Bumblebee Wentworth’s new Sopwith Tabloid Curtiss Pushers Pt V(c) early Martin-Handasyde, (dwgs) Curtiss R-4L, (dwgs) Archiv (Pfalz D.XII fuselage) Albatros History Pt 1I Pilot Reports (D.VII, Standard J-1, Fokker Dr.I accidents) Film Gallery Aircraft (Harkey Bristol Scout, dwgs of Duigan #2) IDX Cockpits & Instruments LIII (F5L) Museums/Org (Flugwerft Schleissheim, Jarrett Collection) Models (Buttita’s work, Eduard Sopwith Baby) Letters (false Halberstadt rudder) Historiography (Higham essay on WWI airpower) Publications

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WW1 Aero #154 – November 1996

144 pages – Aero Club of America Pt 1 building Lilienthal glider Stashnik Dreadnaught RAF RE8 Pt III Fokker D.VII details Synchronizers Pt VI Archiv (DFW N.I) IDX Museums/ Organizations (Vintage Av Svcs, Lafayette Foundation, Cradle of Av Museum, Owl’s Head, Walt Redfern the Big Dayton Fly-In Time’s Tarmac Cockpits & Instruments (Camels, etc) Propellers (German props, decals French design/construction) Engines dwgs (Vickers Vimy, Etrich Taube, Spad 7 project, Scale Judging, cont’d, Italian observation balloons) Models Film Publications Letters Historiography

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WW1 Aero #153 – August 1996

144 pages – OE Williams’ works the Kinston Demoiselle Nyrop-Ask Thulin NA, (dwgs) Gabardini, (dwgs) bldg Woodall Sop Triplane Film Gallery Romanian a/c Cockpits XLVIII (flotation bags) Time’s Tarmac IDX Museums (Aerospace Ed Ctr, Owl’s Head Museum, Glenn Curtiss Museum, NASM’s N28) dwgs (Axial propeller, 1913 Harlan, Nieuport IV, Fokker C.IV) Engines Models

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WW1 Aero #152 – May 1996

144 pages – Cody, auction, etc new repro Wright Curtiss Pushers Va (original dwgs) Fokker D.VIIs in the US Restoring a Jenny DH-4 variants Cockpits XLVII metal aircraft structures Archiv (Turkish a/c) IDX dwgs (original DH-l dwg) Museums (Japanese) Models Historiography

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Card. Jozsef Mindzenty:Persecuted by Communism, Betrayed by Paul VI

It has been almost 70 years since Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty, the highest Catholic official in Hungary, was convicted of treason and sentenced to life imprisonment by the Communist People’s Court. Recently it came to my attention that many Catholics today, especially the youth, do not recognize even the name of this intransigent defender of the Faith, who became an anti-communist hero throughout the world after his scandalous show-trial staged by Hungarian Communism in 1949.

Card. Mindzenty, 1892-1975, a hero of the Church and warrior against Communism

As I was translating a commentary by Prof. Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira on the barbarism of Communism, I realized that this is a story that should be better known.

Card. Mindszenty was born in 1892 into a peasant family in a small Magyar village when Hungary was part of the Habsburg Empire of Austria-Hungary. He was ordained in 1915 at age 23 and consecrated Bishop of Vesprem in 1944. One year later he was appointed Archbishop of Esztergom, the Primatial See of Hungary in 1946 Pope Pius XII made him a Cardinal.

By 1948 the Communist Party had taken full control of Hungary and Mindszenty vigorously and publicly protested the communist confiscation of land, churches and parochial schools. Staunchly anti-republican and anti-communist throughout his life, Mindszenty was a difficult man for not only communists, but also Church progressivists, to support.

The card inscribed with Devictus vincit

The communists, who considered the Primate "the center of the counter-revolutionary forces in Hungary," arrested him for "subversive activity" on December 28, 1948. In his last Open Letter, he had declared "Communism is an atheistic ideology. Hence by its very nature it is opposed to the spirit of the Church."

He left the Archbishop's palace in his poorest robe and a picture of Our Lord crowned with thorns inscribed with the words "Devictus vincit" (Defeated, He was victorious): A motto that would stand him in good stead in the years ahead.

For the five weeks before the trial, Card. Mindszenty suffered beatings and sleep deprivation finally, mind-altering drugs were added to his food to make him confess to false charges of treason against the State. Prior to being arrested he had already warned some of his priests that he would never sign a confession willingly, and should one be produced it would be the result of human frailty, and thus null and void.

Mindzenty at the Peoples'Court in 1949

That mock trial became the lightning rod that wakened Western sentiments vividly to the cruel tactics of Communism. Mindszenty, under torture and drugs, signed a document admitting he had orchestrated the theft of Hungary's Crown jewels with the aim of crowning Otto von Habsburg emperor of Easter Europe, schemed to remove the Communist Government and planned a Third World War. All patent nonsense. In this kangaroo court, Mindszenty was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Pope Pius XII and many statesmen were quick to raise their voices in sharp, loud condemnation of Communist Regime. The Pope excommunicated all those involved in the trial and publicly condemned it in the Apostolic letter Acerrimo Moerore. In the US, Card. Francis Spellman spearheaded a chorus of denunciation unleashed from pulpits, in petitions and rallies demanding the Prelate's immediate release. Even President Truman publicly condemned the proceedings. The Hungarian Catholic Prelate was transformed almost overnight into an anti-communist hero of the early Cold War.

But there was no release from prison. For eight years the Cardinal languished in a succession of moldy and freezing cells, subject to the blows and blasphemies of red guards. On the outside, the Catholic Bishops of Hungary became totally subjugated to the Communist Regime.

Card Mindzenty, released during the 1956 uprising against Communism

Finally, with the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, Mindszenty was freed by a provisory government. His liberty was short lived. Within a month, Soviet troops entered Hungary to stifle that brief breeze of freedom. Mindszenty took refuge in the U.S. embassy in Budapest and remained there for the next 14 years.

But at least he was in his own country where his virtual imprisonment made him a symbol of Catholic intransigence against the Communist Regime and a constant thorn in the side of Communism. He was given the option to leave without harassment, but Mindszenty, well aware of the symbolic value of his presence, refused to abandon Hungary.

In 1971, the year of his release, he was to face his most bitter trial, the betrayal of Paul VI who sacrificed the Prelate for his Ospolitik with Communism.

During the pontificates of John XXIII and Paul VI, the Vatican adopted a tolerant approach toward the Eastern Communist Regimes known as Ostpolitik – in German, Eastern policy – which denied Catholic principles of Faith and social doctrine to reach a very limited liberty to worship and gather. Abandoning the fight against Communism, these Popes made compromising peace accords with those regimes.

Paul VI stripped Mindszenty of his title and See to placate the communists

The Cardinal’s continued strong resistance to Communism created a dilemma for this religious Ostpolitik managed by Paul VI's Secretary Archbishop Agostino Casaroli (he was named Cardinal in 1964). To facilitate a peaceful accord with the Hungarian regime, Casaroli called for the Primate to leave Hungary and renounce his ecclesiastical posts.

So, Paul VI commanded Mindszenty to leave the American embassy in Hungary. On September 29, 1971, the Cardinal reluctantly left the embassy sanctuary and traveled into exile. In Rome he was received by the Pope with great honor and given the assurance that he would always remain Archbishop of Esztergom and Primate of Hungary. At the same time, Paul VI declared Mindszenty a "victim of history" (instead of Communism) and, paradoxically, annulled the excommunications imposed on his persecutors.

After two months he settled in Vienna, where, with his customary intransigence and force, he set out to conduct pastoral tours for Hungarian Catholics in exile and to fight Communism. When one of his speeches was censored by the nuncio's office in Lisbon, he was informed that the Holy See had given the Hungarian government a pledge that the Hungarian Prelate would say nothing against Communism publicly. Mindszenty replied that he would have refused to leave had he known of any such agreement.

As he prepared to publish his Memoirs in 1973, the Cardinal suffered the final betrayal. Fearful that the truth would upset the new spirit of coexistence with the Marxists, Paul VI asked Mindszenty to resign his office. He refused. (1)

His Memoirs were published in 1973,
two years before his death

On February 5, 1974, Paul VI deprived Mindszenty of the Primacy of Hungary and declared his See vacant, replacing him with an apostolic administrator in an attempt to placate the Communist Regime. Mindszenty said that this was the greatest cross he had to bear in his life.

Many news agencies glossed the papal order to imply that Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty had voluntarily retired. This was not true. It was a decision taken by the Holy See alone, a betrayal of that staunch adversary of Communism who had suffered imprisonment, torture and an unjust sentence under the red regime.

The Cardinal did not resist the Pope's shameful order but he also never relinquished his intransigent opposition to Communism. In 1974 he spent two months in the US where he published his Memoirs, which are well worth reading. While The Diary of Anne Franck is found on almost every Catholic high school reading list, this important book is missing.

Mindszenty spent the rest of his life caring for the spiritual welfare of his scattered Hungarian flock around the world. He continued, however, until his death at age 83 on May 6, 1975, to make it clear that he had not abdicated, but had been deposed.

Ego debuissem mori in Hungaria” (“I should have died in Hungary”), the Cardinal once lamented, looking at the reality he found in the Vatican after leaving his country. A lament that sadly rings true, for the Ostpolitik of the post-Conciliar Church caused the valiant hero-Prelate of Hungary greater suffering than the physical tortures of the communists.
To be continued

  1. After long and conscientious consideration the Cardinal justified his attitude on this question as follows:

"1. Hungary and the Catholic Church of Hungary are not free.

"2. The leadership of the Hungarian dioceses is in the hands of a church administration built and controlled by the communist regime.

"3. Not a single Archbishop or apostolic administrator is in a position to alter the composition or the functioning of the above-mentioned church administration.

"4. The regime decides who is to occupy ecclesiastical positions and for how long. Furthermore, the regime also decides what persons the bishops will be allowed to consecrate as priests.

"5. The freedom of conscience and religion guaranteed by the Constitution is in practice suppressed. "Optional" religious instruction has been banned from the schools in the cities and the larger towns. At present the struggle for optional religious instruction in the schools is continuing in the smaller communities. Young people contrary to the will of their parents, are being educated exclusively in an atheistic spirit. Believers are discriminated against in many areas of daily life. Religious teachers have recently been confronted with the alternative of choosing between their professions and their religions.


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