Hampton II PCS-1386 - History

Hampton II PCS-1386 - History

Hampton II

(PCS-1386; dp. 251; 1. 136'; b. 25'; dr. 9'; s. 14 k.; cpl. 59; a. 1 40mm., 2 20mm., 2 dcp., 1 dcp. (h.h.), 2 dct;cl.)

PCS-1886 was laid down by Wheeler Shipbuilding Corp., Whitestone, N.Y., 15 May 1943; launched 28 September 1944; and commissioned 4 November, Lt. Thomas R. McMahan in command.

Equipped with the latest sonar gear, PCS-1386 was assigned to the Fleet Sound School Squadron following her shakedown period. From her arrival at Key West 25 November 1944, until the end of the war she trained officers and enlisted men in the intricate art of submarine detection. The students later contributed to the war effort by operating the range recorder and Attack plotter on the hunter-killer destroyers and destroyer escorts. Through the Navy's excellent ASW methods the enemy submarine threat was neutralized and the victorious conclusion of World War II was hastened.

After the war PCS-1886 continued training operations based at Key West and in addition performed exercises in the Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico from 1946 to 1956. PCS-1886 was named Hampton 15 February 1956 and decommissioned 27 April 1956. Hampton was transferred to the 5th Naval District and assigned to the Naval Reserve Training Center, Baltimore. Hampton operated as a training ship until she was struck from the Navy List 1 July 1959 and disposed of by Navy sale.


42-acre estate built by Henry Ford II and listed for $145M sells

This 42+-acre oceanfront estate offers the largest ocean frontage in the Hamptons, spanning nearly a quarter mile (1,286 linear feet). Further complementing its rarity is its setting and scale. The property is bordered by 3 ponds, affording unobstructed views of Mecox Bay and the open ocean. Detroit Free Press

A 42-acre oceanfront Hamptons estate built for Henry "Hank the Deuce" Ford II is now "in contract" after being listed for $145 million, according to the Bespoke Real Estate website on Friday.

The final price is expected to be one of the largest residential sales in U.S. history.

"This is 'the most expensive sale in the history of the Hamptons,' Bespoke, a brokerage firm that shares the listing with Sotheby’s, announced on social media," The New York Post reported April 1. "The buyer is from an 'American real estate family' that is not based in New York."

Multiple real estate and news sites reported the manor was built in 1960, but Town & Country and the New York Post have reported the home "dates to" 1957. The Free Press was unable to obtain property records to confirm, though real estate listings say 1960 now.

An estate built for Henry Ford II is "in contract" as of May 7, 2021 after being listed for $145 million, according to bespokerealestate.com. Located on Jule Pond in Southampton, it has the largest ocean frontage in the celebrity-infused Hamptons. (Photo: Provided by Bespoke Realty)

A description of the original development of the residence at 90 Jule Pond Drive in Southampton was simply breathtaking, Bespoke posted on its website:

"Ford is building one of the greatest showplaces of the times. He has had to lay over a mile of blacktop through the fields of rye to reach the land that blankets 100 acres on the east end of town. The white brick house with its white columns and steep gray slate roofs stands before a driveway of 100 feet square. Above the portico are four large baskets of cement fruit. Whole paneled rooms, fireplaces and parquet floors have been imported from European chateaux in the grand fin-de-siecle manner perfected by the Vanderbilts. There is a four-car Ford garage facing the servants' quarters, a wing that stretches 110 feet long. The back of the house looks out to a channel pond where wild white swans visit."

Jule Pond was once part of a 235-acre compound owned by Ford and his first wife, Anne McDonnell. They married in 1940 and divorced in 1964.

An estate built for Henry Ford II is "in contract" as of May 7, 2021 after being listed for $145 million, according to bespokerealestate.com. Located on Jule Pond in Southampton, it has the largest ocean frontage in the celebrity-infused Hamptons. (Photo: Provided by Bespoke Realty)

"Towards the end of the 19th Century, when rail lines opened the connection between the Hamptons and New York City, the monied class began flooding the Hamptons’ villages and beaches in the summer months," said TopTenRealEstateDeals.com. "The summer social season was filled with soirees and house parties where elites could rub elbows with their peers. . The grand event in the summer of 1940 was the marriage of Henry Ford II, the eldest son of Edsel Ford and eldest grandson of Henry Ford, to Southampton socialite Anne McDonnell."

The property was listed for $175 million in 2017, the New York Post reported.

An estate built for Henry Ford II is "in contract" as of May 7, 2021 after being listed for $145 million, according to bespokerealestate.com. Located on Jule Pond in Southampton, it has the largest ocean frontage in the celebrity-infused Hamptons. (Photo: Provided by Bespoke Realty)

The Bespoke website describes the home this way now: "The stylish stucco exterior boasts a modest entrance, purposefully designed to become grander once inside. The palatial interior welcomes you with a sweeping staircase, and direct open views of the southern portion of the grounds."

Bespoke continues: "The layout is balanced across three principal wings: one housing a large 20-foot-by-28-foot chef's kitchen, another with a distinguished library, and the third occupied by several staff/guest rooms with a separate entrance."

Additional highlights include:

  • 20,000 square feet of living space
  • 12 bedrooms and 12 bathrooms
  • Two master bedrooms
  • Original ceilings with moldings and chandeliers, antique bathroom fixtures
  • A separate carriage house with three bedrooms and 1.5 baths
  • Detached six-car garage
  • Heated 60-foot gunite pool, spa, outdoor kitchen, outdoor shower
  • Tree lined driveway behind a gated entrance
  • Tennis court, basketball court
  • Gym with sauna
  • Meditation garden
  • Koi garden with waterfall
  • Original greenhouse where the Fords grew their own fruits, vegetables
  • Nearly a quarter mile of private Atlantic Ocean frontage
  • Largest ocean frontage in the Hamptons
  • Access to three ponds that surround its border
  • Unobstructed views of Mecox Bay and the Atlantic Ocean
  • Grounds that abut protected and preserved land to the southeast

Donald Frey, Lee Iacocca and Henry Ford II at the New York World's Fair first anniversary of the Mustang on April 15, 1965. (Photo: Ford Motor Company)

This property, originally named Fordune and now called Jule Pond, has quite a history.

After the couple divorced in 1964, McDonnell took control of the property and broke it up into smaller parcels, according to TheRealDeal.com. At the time, the main house at Jule Pond was 16,000 square feet.

Henry Ford II, who died in 1987, was the eldest grandson of company founder Henry Ford and the eldest son of Edsel Ford. Anne McDonnell Ford Johnson died in 1996.

After her divorce from Ford, she married lawyer Deane Johnson. She was recognized for serving on the White House Fine Arts Committee during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, helping restore Blair House in Washington and played active roles in charitable events in New York, the New York Times wrote in her obituary.

An estate built for Henry Ford II is "in contract" as of May 7, 2021 after being listed for $145 million, according to bespokerealestate.com. Located on Jule Pond in Southampton, it has the largest ocean frontage in the celebrity-infused Hamptons. (Photo: Provided by Bespoke Realty)

Currently, the home is being sold by Brenda Earl, a former portfolio manager and principal at Zweig-Dimenna hedge fund, who purchased it in 2002, the Post reported.

Earl spent millions on renovations in 2008.

She bought the estate from Italian financier Carlo Traglio for $21.75 million in 2002. Traglio had purchased it from the ex-wife of Ford for $1.8 million in 1975, $500,000 less than the Ford family spent building just the mansion, the Post reported in 2002.

"Traglio tried to subdivide the property into mini estates back in 1980. Environmentalists held up the project for two years, denouncing it for destroying 150 acres of farmland as well as marshes and wetlands," the Post said. "After subdividing the land, Traglio kept the massive main house and 44 acres of oceanfront property for himself."

An estate built for Henry Ford II is "in contract" as of May 7, 2021 after being listed for $145 million, according to bespokerealestate.com. Located on Jule Pond in Southampton, it includes a swimming pool, basketball court and meditation gardens. (Photo: Provided by Bespoke Realty)

The property had been for sale since the summer of 1999, with an asking price of $35 million, before Earl purchased it.

"Now known as Jule Pond, great care was taken to preserve Fordune’s original details such as distinctive ceilings with moldings and traditional chandeliers, Italian marble fireplaces, French parquet floors, and antique bathroom fixtures, most of which were imported from Europe," said TopTenRealEstateDeals.com.

An estate built for Henry Ford II is "in contract" as of May 7, 2021 after being listed for $145 million, according to bespokerealestate.com. Located on Jule Pond in Southampton, it has the largest ocean frontage in the celebrity-infused Hamptons. (Photo: Provided by Bespoke Realty)

Bespoke declined to provide to the Free Press any additional detail on the buyer.

Cody Vichinsky, co-founder of Bespoke, told the Free Press on Friday, "Bespoke facilitated nearly $700 million in $10 million-plus property transactions in the first months of 2021. The rush of trades aligns with our position that individuals will continue to acquire apex properties in key markets at an unprecedented rate."

Images of the Jule Pond property provide a glimpse into a Gilded Age that seems to have made a comeback.

Douglas Elliman Real Estate has reported Hamptons home sales jumped 37% in 2020, up 40% to a median of $1.2 million. Still, the Ford estate stands alone.

"The Hamptons is widely recognized as the world’s preeminent luxury real estate market, and its single most valued property is now available for purchase in the Town of Southampton," Bespoke said on its site. "Unequivocally the most unique and celebrated estate in the Hamptons, Jule Pond offers the stateliness of a secluded countryside retreat, dramatically enhanced by connectivity to the Atlantic Ocean."


10 Military Movies to See in 2021

Many of the biggest titles for 2021 are movies that we expected to see in 2020. Everyone's hoping that the new year brings a reset and a return to something resembling normal life, but current pandemic numbers make us wonder when and if theaters will be able to reopen everywhere anytime soon.

As movie studios pray for business to rebound, they've announced a full slate of releases for the year. More than a few of the biggest titles have military themes, and we've got a roundup of those releases.

Anything that's scheduled for a streaming service such as Netflix, Amazon, Apple TV+ or HBO Max is almost certain to hold its announced date. Movies that are trying to stay committed to a theatrical release may have to change dates or switch to streaming. We'll try to keep readers updated throughout the year.

1. Outside the Wire

Anthony Mackie (Falcon from the Marvel movies) plays a robot soldier programmed to remove the enemy's advanced weapons from outside the wire. He's got a human partner, and there's sure to be conspiracy afoot and a big reveal of the truth before the final explosions.

2. The Mauritanian

Based on the real-life story of Guantanamo detainee Mohamedou Ould Slahi, "The Mauritanian" revisits the post-9/11 policies that saw the United States arrest those with suspected terrorism ties and hold them without charges. If they made a movie about Slahi, you can guess going in whether he turns out to be innocent.

Jodie Foster, Benedict Cumberbatch, Shailene Woodley and Tahar Rahim star in the movie directed by Oscar-winning director Kevin Macdonald.

3. Cherry

Feb. 26, Theaters March 12, Apple TV+

Nico Walker is a real person who served as an Army medic in Iraq and came home with an undiagnosed case of PTSD. That led to a serious heroin habit that he tried to fund by robbing banks.

He ended up serving nearly a decade in federal prison after his arrest but used that time to write "Cherry," a dynamite novel inspired by his own life, service, addiction and crimes.

Marvel's "Avengers" series directors Anthony and Joe Russo bought the rights to the book and have made a movie starring Tom Holland ("Spider-Man") as the character based on Walker. Apple acquired rights to the film and likes it so much that it's giving it a theatrical release at the end of February to qualify it for the Oscars under this year's unique COVID-inspired rules.

4. The King's Man

In this prequel to the popular "Kingsman" spy movie series, writer/director Matthew Vaughan reveals the origins of the secret organization during World War I. The trailer suggests that the private intelligence service was born in an attempt to stop a plot to use that war to plunge the world into chaos.

The movie stars Ralph Fiennes, Djimon Hounsou, Gemma Arterton and Daniel Brühl.

5. No Time to Die

The release of the 25th James Bond movie was the first major casualty of the COVID-19 shutdown last year, and the upcoming April date is the third one announced for the film. It's Daniel Craig's final movie in the role of 007. The producers are committed to a theatrical release, so this one could get bumped again if the public health situation doesn't improve soon.

6. Top Gun: Maverick

We waited 35 years to find out what happened to Pete "Maverick" Mitchell, so what's another year in the grand scheme of things.

Paramount showed a few minutes of footage from "Top Gun: Maverick" in a theater last February before all this pandemic drama started, and the scenes made clear that "TG:M" features some of the most spectacular aerial footage ever filmed and that this movie is most definitely one that demands to be seen in a packed theater with a massive sound system. Fingers crossed for July.

7. Dune

Frank Herbert's 1965 novel "Dune" kicked off one of the most beloved series in science fiction, but the epic tale has never found its footing as a film or television property, despite a controversial 1980 film directed by David Lynch.

"Blade Runner 2049" and "Arrival" director Denis Villeneuve seems like a perfect choice to tell the story of the rise of Paul Atreides (Timothée Chalamet) from son of a spice dealer to great military leader. The trailer has gotten a great reception, so hopes are high that the filmmakers got it right this time.

8. The Last Duel

Marine veteran Adam Driver, Matt Damon, Ben Affleck and Jodie Comer star in Ridley Scott's movie based on Eric Jaer's book "The Last Duel: A True Story of Trial by Combat in Medieval France."

The book tells the story of a trial by combat that took place in 1386 after a Norman knight accused a squire of raping his wife. It's the last officially recognized judicial duel in France and has become a cultural legend in that country.

The studio has not yet released official photos or a trailer, but a quick search will give you some images of the actors in costume on set. This movie could be classic Ridley Scott. The director released the Crusades epic "Kingdom of Heaven" to mixed reviews in 2005, but the subsequent director's cut is one of Scott's very best movies. Here's hoping the lockdown gave him time to finish this one to the highest possible standard.

9. Mission: Impossible 7

Tom Cruise and director Christopher McQuarrie are making two "Mission: Impossible" movies back-to-back, and they were still filming in London in December before a holiday break.

Paramount has yet to announce a final title or release any official photos. McQuarrie continues after directing the last two (and arguably best) installments in the series, so there's reason to believe the next movie will maintain the star's notoriously high standards.

If "Top Gun: Maverick" (also from Paramount) gets bumped from its July release for any reason, look for this one to also move to summer 2022.

10. Tom Clancy's Without Remorse

"Tom Clancy's Without Remorse" is one of the highest-profile casualties of the 2020 pandemic. Originally slated to launch a new franchise for "Creed" and "Black Panther" star Michael B. Jordan, Paramount has sold the rights to Amazon Prime for a 2021 streaming release on a not-yet-announced date.

"Sicario: Day of the Soldado" director Stefan Sollima made the movie from a screenplay by Taylor Sheridan (both "Sicario" movies, "Hell or High Water" and the "Yellowstone" series) and Will Clark ("The Right Stuff" series).

Jordan plays former Navy SEAL John T. Clark, a character introduced in Clancy's Jack Ryan books and spun off into his own successful series, while simultaneously continuing to appear in the Jack Ryan books.

Amazon has enjoyed success and acclaim for its "Tom Clancy's Jack Ryan" series starring John Krasinski, so the streamer seems like a logical home for this movie.


Hampton II PCS-1386 - History

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The Miss Hampton II Magical History Tour:

Hampton, Virginia is very much like your classic Southern lady: a combination of modern style and traditional values with a complicated, and sometimes dark, past. Once aware of her enigmatic presence, you’ll want to make her acquaintance. A three-hour harbor tour aboard the Miss Hampton II offers an excellent introduction to this Chesapeake charmer.

Loading Passengers on the Miss Hampton II at the Town Dock in Hampton (©[email protected])

A warm, sunny day in May, 2018 was our opportunity to meet the oldest continuously occupied English settlement in the United States. Hey, I didn’t say Hampton was a young Southern lady. In fact, she’s more than 400 years old. So there was a lot to learn.

As Miss Hampton II made her way up the Hampton River into Hampton Roads Harbor, Simon, Otto and I soaked up the fine afternoon. on her deck as the historic and modern structures of Hampton seemed to glide by. In fact, we were the ones moving as Jim, our professional tour guide, pointed out significant buildings and sites. His narrative was informative and entertaining. As he recounted tales from the past and clued us in on things to do in Hampton, we began to understand the long journey the lady had taken in order to arrive in the present to stand poised on the threshold of a bright future.

Hampton from the Water

The Miss Hampton II pulled away from her berth on Historic Downtown Hampton’s waterfront promptly at 11:00am. Motoring out on the Hampton River, we caught site of the structure housing the Hampton Carousel, one of only 70 antique wooden merry-go-rounds still in operation in the U.S, and Hampton Air and Space Center. We then learned that this Virginia town had been the original location for NASA’s headquarters.

The Old Fish Processing Plant Against a Backdrop of the Air and Space Museum and the Hampton Carousel (©[email protected])

Jim explained how Hampton might have become the first British settlement in the New World, had it not been for her saltwater river, the first three ships sent from England to colonize the area continued in search of fresh water and landed at what became Jamestown. During a particularly harsh winter, Jamestown was evacuated for several days. Thus making Hampton the oldest continuous English speaking settlement.

Hampton University campus then came into view. The large white manor-house and enormous magnolias of this former plantation stood as a reminder of the university’s beginnings. The property had been purchased by General Samuel Chapman Armstrong following the Civil War. He transformed it into a school for former enslaved and Native American men. The university has the distinction of being home to the oldest African American museum in the U.S with an impressive collection of fine and contemporary art and artifacts.

The Clock Tower and Buildings of Hampton University Seen from the Miss Hampton II (©[email protected])

Passing Blackbeard’s Point, we could picture the pirate’s severed head, which following his capture, had been impaled on a pole. This was intended to serve as a warning to others to take their pirating business elsewhere. How well this worked is up for debate. Hampton hosts an annual Blackbeard Festival, and plastic sword-wealding pirates of all ages overrun the town.

Before entering Naval Station Norfolk, amid sightings of white egrets and dolphins, Jim recounted the Battle of the Ironclads. This inconclusive Civil War confrontation between the Monitor & Merrimack changed naval warfare forever.

Naval Station Norfolk

Hampton Roads Harbor is the location of the largest navy base in the world. The land portion measures approximately 680 acres and is headquarters for the Atlantic Fleet and a NATO base.

You never know what you will see as the Miss Hampton II cruises by, but during our cruise we gaped at two mammoth 1,096 foot long nuclear aircraft carriers with a capacity of 5,000 personnel.

Nuclear Aircraft Carriers being Serviced at Naval Station, Norfolk, as Seen from the Miss Hampton II (©[email protected])

Along with the big guys were replenishment ships, destroyers, cruisers with anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and other defensive and offensive capabilities, ships used to lay fiberoptic cables, attack submarines and an oil tanker converted into a hospital ship. These floating behemoths dwarfed a seven-story building onshore.

Naval Station Norfolk is the home port of the repaired USS Cole. The Cole was damaged in 2000 when it was rammed by a small boat laden with explosives. Thoughts of the 17 sailors killed that day reminded us of the perils faced by our service men and women.

Fort Wool

One of the many highlights of a cruise on Miss Hampton II is a 45-minute stop and tour of Fort Wool. The fort is located on a large manmade island with an enormous flag to welcome visitors.

Entrance to Fort Wool from the Dock (©[email protected])

Following the War of 1812, it became obvious that Fort Monroe alone could not protect the coast from enemy ships entering the harbor. The solution? Pick a strategically sound location and install an island.

Dredging of the harbor and building of the island began in 1819. It was partially constructed under the direction of Lt. Robert E. Lee during his early U.S. Army career. Ironically, Forts Monroe and Wool played an active role during the Civil War, protecting the entrance to Hampton Roads harbor, and were occupied by Union forces throughout the four-year conflict.

The island was built to a height of approximately 10 feet above water level using rocks. Unfortunately, it began to sink, and had to be fortified by the addition of more rocks around the perimeter. The island still sinks an eighth of an inch a year.

Decaying Buildings at Fort Wool (©[email protected])

What’s left of the fort is still standing, and we were able to climb to the top to enjoy the view. The island was quiet except for the sounds of boisterous birds and the occasional jet flying overhead.

Two hundred stone cutters had worked on constructing Fort Wool out of solid granite. Jim showed me a hole in the top of a stone where the builders would have fitted a spike. The spike would have aligned with a similar hole in the bottom of another stone. In other words, no mortar was used. It was like an early form of Lego.

The Parade Ground at Fort Wool (©[email protected])

Fort Wool closed in 1957, and the island is now a city park. Sadly, the buildings remaining on the island have fallen victim to fire, neglect and vandalism. Unless they undergo major reconstruction and renovation in the near future, their decay will pass the point of no return.

Fort Monroe

On our return run, we passed Fort Monroe, the oldest continuous fort in the U.S. until its closure in 2011. It is now open to the public, and seeing this historic site from the water convinced us we needed to pay it a visit.

The fort’s long history includes a precedent that was established in May of 1861. Three escaped slaves were granted refuge as “contraband of war”, and thousands more followed. Fort Monroe became known as “Freedom’s Fortress.”.

Jim pointed out the former officers’ club, which is now a restaurant, an RV camp with a beach area and the Casemate Museum.

Also located at the fort is the Old Point Comfort Lighthouse, built in 1802 and a pet cemetery for people the who once lived at Fort Monroe.

Old Point Comfort Lighthouse on Fort Monroe as Seen from the Miss Hampton II (©[email protected])

Much has changed since Fort Monroe’s closure. You can find houses for rent and an independent living facility for seniors that had once been a hotel.

As we left Fort Monroe behind, we saw an Osprey (the plane not the bird) take off. The military presence is strong and constant, and is an integral part of the life of Hampton, Virginia.

Final Thoughts

The Miss Hampton II returned to port all too soon, and we disembarked. The experience had been like floating alongside a lavish buffet table. The variety and abundance of Hampton’s offerings were compelling enough to entice us to visit some of her sites from a landward perspective. Should you ever find yourself in Hampton – and I hope you do – take a cruise aboard the Miss Hampton II. Then take your time getting to know this lovely Southern lady.

A Heron at the Old Fish Processing Plant Waiting to Greet the Returning Miss Hampton II (©[email protected])

If you’ve taken a harbor cruise in the past, we’d love to hear about in the comments.

If You Go

Miss Hampton II tours run April – October, Tuesday – Saturday, 11:00am and Sunday, 2:00pm.

Below are the ticket prices for 2018. Be sure to visit the website for updates.

Adults: $27.00 + tax
Seniors (60+) and retired military: $25.00 + tax
Military (Active/Reserves): $13.50 + tax
Children 7 – 12: $17.00 + tax
Children 6 & Under: Free

To get the most out of your visit to Hampton, consider purchasing a Sea to Stars Ticket. The price includes a Miss Hampton II Harbor Cruise, admissions to the Virginia Air & Space Center and the 3-D Digital IMAX®, as well as the Hampton History Museum and the Hampton Carousel.

Miss Hampton Cruises
710 Settlers Landing Road
Hampton, VA 23669


Condyloma Acuminatum

Patients are often unaware that condylomata can arise around the anal area ( Figure 1 ) . In a sexually active population, the prevalence of DNA of the human papillomavirus (HPV, or “wart virus”) is around 50 percent.1 Once infected with HPV, the entire anogenital tract is involved. Condylomata represent a focal manifestation of a diffuse infection and occur in only a minority of those infected with HPV. Although those who engage in anal intercourse have a higher frequency of perianal condylomata, the majority of patients with perianal condylomata have not engaged in anal intercourse. Infection is believed to occur due to pooling of secretions in the anal area. Condylomata can reach substantial size, and multiple lesions are common. If one lesion is present, a complete genital and anorectal examination is indicated to detect additional growths.

Extensive perianal condyloma acuminata (arrow) . This condition is generally caused by infection with human papillomavirus 6 or 11.

Extensive perianal condyloma acuminata (arrow) . This condition is generally caused by infection with human papillomavirus 6 or 11.

The entire affected area should be soaked for three to five minutes with 3 to 5 percent acetic acid (vinegar). The abnormal warty tissue turns white and can be better distinguished from normal tissue. Magnification devices, such as a colposcope, allow the clinician to observe small lesions that may not otherwise be readily identified. Magnification helps assure that an entire lesion is removed or treated.2

A variety of agents or modalities can be used to successfully treat condyloma acuminatum.3 Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 85 percent can be applied directly to the lesion. It is not necessary to protect the uninfected area with petroleum jelly because it is difficult to apply and often inadvertently protects the warty tissue. The acid is applied with either the wooden or cotton-tipped end of a cotton swab, depending on the size of the lesion. It burns for about five minutes and must be reapplied after 10 to 14 days.

Treatment with TCA is inexpensive and has an 80 percent efficacy with experienced application. The acid costs less than 50 cents per application. Condylomata may also be subjected to cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen and/or nitrous oxide. The treated area may swell significantly after this treatment. Skin may be sloughed off following treatment, but scarring is uncommon. Cryotherapy is efficacious (63 to 88 percent cure), but several treatments may be needed, especially with large lesions.

Laser therapy can provide cure rates of 60 to 90 percent, but a laser is not readily available to most physicians. Radiofrequency (using the same units that are used for the large loop electrical excision procedure [LEEP]) under colposcopic magnification resolves approximately 80 to 94 percent of condyloma with one treatment. A small wire loop can be used to excise the lesion, or a ball electrode can be used to coagulate the wart. Surgery and electrodesiccation achieve the highest cure rates of all treatments.4

Interferon and fluorouracil (Efudex) are other treatment options. Imiquimod (Aldara), a new immune modifier, is applied three times a week for up to 12 weeks. It is effective in perhaps 50 percent of cases of condyloma acuminatum, with a recurrence rate of 20 percent. The cost per month is around $120.5 Podofilox (Condylox) 0.5 percent comes in a gel and a liquid form. It is applied twice a day for three days, followed by four days of no treatment. This pattern is repeated for six to 12 weeks. The estimated efficacy is around 60 percent,6 and one bottle costs approximately $120.

Whichever treatment modality is used, follow-up anoscopic examination is generally not performed until the external lesions have completely resolved. There is always concern that the virus may be introduced into new and proximal areas by instrumentation. A follow-up anoscopic examination must, however, be performed because occult intra-anal warts are a common cause of recurrence after treatment.

The long-term consequences of HPV infection are of major concern. Infection with HPV has been associated with an increased risk of cervical and anal cancers.7 Receptive homosexuals have 50 times the rate of anal cancers.8 Some experts have suggested that these high-risk patients should have regular Papanicolaou smear screening of the anal canal.9 Female sexual partners of persons with anogenital warts should have annual Pap smears for the rest of their lives, and some experts recommend regular follow-up with colposcopy.

It may be wise to biopsy all “warts” before ablative treatment. Verrucous carcinoma can appear to be a wart. The anal lesion of syphilis (condyloma latum) is usually flat but, if raised, may resemble condyloma acuminatum. Serologic testing for syphilis helps distinguish lesions. Because HPV infection itself indicates exposure to sexually transmitted disease, testing for syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases maybe indicated.


The True Story of “Hidden Figures,” the Forgotten Women Who Helped Win the Space Race

As America stood on the brink of a Second World War, the push for aeronautical advancement grew ever greater, spurring an insatiable demand for mathematicians. Women were the solution. Ushered into the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in 1935 to shoulder the burden of number crunching, they acted as human computers, freeing the engineers of hand calculations in the decades before the digital age. Sharp and successful, the female population at Langley skyrocketed.

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Many of these “computers” are finally getting their due, but conspicuously missing from this story of female achievement are the efforts contributed by courageous, African-American women. Called the West Computers, after the area to which they were relegated, they helped blaze a trail for mathematicians and engineers of all races and genders to follow.

“These women were both ordinary and they were extraordinary,” says Margot Lee Shetterly. Her new book Hidden Figures shines light on the inner details of these women’s lives and accomplishments. The book's film adaptation, starring Octavia Spencer and Taraji P. Henson, is now open in theaters.

“We've had astronauts, we’ve had engineers—John Glenn, Gene Kranz, Chris Kraft,” she says. “Those guys have all told their stories.” Now it’s the women’s turn.

Growing up in Hampton, Virginia, in the 1970s, Shetterly lived just miles away from Langley. Built in 1917, this research complex was the headquarters for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) which was intended to turn the floundering flying gadgets of the day into war machines. The agency was dissolved in 1958, to be replaced by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as the space race gained speed.

The West Computers were at the heart of the center’s advancements. They worked through equations that described every function of the plane, running the numbers often with no sense of the greater mission of the project. They contributed to the ever-changing design of a menagerie of wartime flying machines, making them faster, safer, more aerodynamic. Eventually their stellar work allowed some to leave the computing pool for specific projects—Christine Darden worked to advance supersonic flight, Katherine Johnson calculated the trajectories for the Mercury and Apollo missions. NASA dissolved the remaining few human computers in the 1970s as the technological advances made their roles obsolete.

The first black computers didn’t set foot at Langley until the 1940s. Though the pressing needs of war were great, racial discrimination remained strong and few jobs existed for African-Americans, regardless of gender. That was until 1941 when A. Philip Randolph, pioneering civil rights activist, proposed a march on Washington, D.C., to draw attention to the continued injustices of racial discrimination. With the threat of 100,000 people swarming to the Capitol, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, preventing racial discrimination in hiring for federal and war-related work. This order also cleared the way for the black computers, slide rule in hand, to make their way into NACA history.

Katherine Johnson at her desk at Langley with a "celestial training device." (NASA)

Exactly how many women computers worked at NACA (and later NASA) over the years is still unknown. One� study estimated the total topped several hundred but other estimates, including Shetterly’s own intuition, says that number is in the thousands.

As a child, Shetterly knew these brilliant mathematicians as her girl scout troop leaders, Sunday school teachers, next-door neighbors and as parents of schoolmates. Her father worked at Langley as well, starting in 1964 as an engineering intern and becoming a well-respected climate scientist. “They were just part of a vibrant community of people, and everybody had their jobs,” she says. “And those were their jobs. Working at NASA Langley.”

Surrounded by the West Computers and other academics, it took decades for Shetterly to realize the magnitude of the women’s work. “It wasn't until my husband, who was not from Hampton, was listening to my dad talk about some of these women and the things that they have done that I realized,” she says. “That way is not necessarily the norm”

The spark of curiosity ignited, Shetterly began researching these women. Unlike the male engineers, few of these women were acknowledged in academic publications or for their work on various projects. Even more problematic was that the careers of the West Computers were often more fleeting than those of the white men. Social customs of the era dictated that as soon as marriage or children arrived, these women would retire to become full-time homemakers, Shetterly explains. Many only remained at Langley for a few years.

But the more Shetterly dug, the more computers she discovered. “My investigation became more like an obsession,” she writes in the book. “I would walk any trail if it meant finding a trace of one of the computers at its end.”

She scoured telephone directories, local newspapers, employee newsletters and the NASA archives to add to her growing list of names. She also chased down stray memos, obituaries, wedding announcements and more for any hint at the richness of these women’s lives. “It was a lot of connecting the dots,” she says.

“I get emails all the time from people whose grandmothers or mothers worked there,” she says. “Just today I got an email from a woman asking if I was still searching for computers. [She] had worked at Langley from July 1951 through August 1957.”

Langley was not just a laboratory of science and engineering “in many ways, it was a racial relations laboratory, a gender relations laboratory,” Shetterly says. The researchers came from across America. Many came from parts of the country sympathetic to the nascent Civil Rights Movement, says Shetterly, and backed the progressive ideals of expanded freedoms for black citizens and women.

Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race

The phenomenal true story of the black female mathematicians at NASA whose calculations helped fuel some of America’s greatest achievements in space.

But life at Langley wasn’t just the churn of greased gears. Not only were the women rarely provided the same opportunities and titles as their male counterparts, but the West Computers lived with constant reminders that they were second-class citizens. In the book, Shetterly highlights one particular incident involving an offensive sign in the dining room bearing the designation: Colored Computers.

One particularly brazen computer, Miriam Mann, took responding to the affront on as a her own personal vendetta. She plucked the sign from the table, tucking it away in her purse. When the sign returned, she removed it again. “That was incredible courage,” says Shetterly. “This was still a time when people are lynched, when you could be pulled off the bus for sitting in the wrong seat. [There were] very, very high stakes.”

But eventually Mann won. The sign disappeared.

The women fought many more of these seemingly small battles, against separate bathrooms and restricted access to meetings. It was these small battles and daily minutiae that Shetterly strove to capture in her book. And outside of the workplace, they faced many more problems, including segregated busses and dilapidated schools. Many struggled to find housing in Hampton. The white computers could live in Anne Wythe Hall, a dormitory that helped alleviate the shortage of housing, but the black computers were left to their own devices.

“History is the sum total of what all of us do on a daily basis,” says Shetterly. “We think of capital “H” history as being these huge figures—George Washington, Alexander Hamilton and Martin Luther King.” Even so, she explains, “you go to bed at night, you wake up the next morning, and then yesterday is history. These small actions in some ways are more important or certainly as important as the individual actions by these towering figures.”

The book and movie don’t mark the end of Shetterly’s work She continues to collect these names, hoping to eventually make the list available online. She hopes to find the many names that have been sifted out over the years and document their respective life’s work.

The few West Computers whose names have been remembered, have become nearly mythical figures—a side-effect of the few African-American names celebrated in mainstream history, Shetterly argues. She hopes her work pays tribute to these women by bringing details of their life’s work to light. “Not just mythology but the actual facts,” she says. “Because the facts are truly spectacular.”


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 Agroecology Agroecology shares much in common with other approaches to sustainable farming. Agroecology is farming that “centers on food production that makes the best use of nature’s goods and services while not damaging these resources.” Farming thrives when … Read more


Maharashtra:Irrigation and hydro power

The State has 231 lakh ha of land under cultivation and area under forest is 52.1 lakh ha. Many irrigation projects are being implemented to improve irrigation. A watershed development programme is being implemented to ensure that soil and water conservation measures are implemented speedily in the unirrigated area.

Prior to the implementation of irrigation schemes in Maharashtra state only 2.74 lakhs hectares of land irrigation potential was created by investing Rs. 16.60 crores for irrigation schemes. The water resource development received special attention after the creation of separate Maharashtra state. In the 58 years, ever since the first five years plan, the irrigation department increased its irrigation potential till June 2009 up to 46.34 lakhs hectares. For the purpose Rs. 48,500/- was invested by March 2009. In the financial year 2009-10 total Rs.7128.62 crores have been invested which is expected to raise the irrigation potential up to 175 lakhs hectares. By 01 April 2010 there were total 1023 irrigation projects including 68 major, 128 Medium, 807 minor and 20 lift irrigation schemes worth Rs. 80,000 crores were in progress in the state. Once these projects are completed, it will generate additional irrigation potential of up to 38.58 lakhs of hectares. As such the government aimed at achieving irrigation potential in 85 lakhs hectares area under irrigation through surface water including state level projects.

Irrigation Potential in Maharashtra

According to Barve Commission report, in 1962, the first Maharashtra Irrigation Commission popularly has known as estimated surface irrigation potential of 52.61 lakh hectares and 9 lakh hectares as grand water potential.

The Ultimate potential in Maharashtra state as per evaluation by the World Bank in the year 1979 was estimated at 61.93 lakh hectares. In 1984, the state government had appointed a fact finding committee on regional imbalance in Maharashtra under the chairmanship of late V. M. Dandekar to identify backlog portion pertained to irrigation in three regions of the state.

The Committee had found that the major backlog portion pertained to the irrigation and accordingly estimated that Rs.1386 crores would be required to remove the backlog. It was estimated that three-fourth of ultimate irrigation potential is liked to be realised through surface water.

Different studies have revealed that, it is estimated that about three fourth of ultimate potential i.e. 63.05 lakh hectares would be through surface water resources. Second Maharashtra irrigation commission (Chitale Commission) report submitted in 1999 estimated that 126 lakh hectares (55.75%) area can be brought under irrigation.

Hydro power in Maharashtra

Mahagenco has an installed capacity of 13602 MW. This comprises of Thermal (nearly 75%, i.e. 10170 MW) and a gas based generating station at Uran, having an installed capacity of 672 MW. The Hydro Electric Projects in the State of Maharashtra were designed, erected and commissioned through the Water Resource Department (WRD) of GoM. After commissioning, the hydro projects were handed over on long term lease to Mahagenco for Operation and Maintenance. Presently there are 25 hydel projects, having capacity of 2580 MW.

Bhira Hydroelectric Project

Bhira Hydroelectric Project is an electricity generating complex in Bhira, Maharashtra state, India. It generates power using water from the nearby Mulshi Dam. Bhira lies approximately 150 km from Mumbai. Its construction was completed in 1927.

The plant’s maximum output capacity is nominally 300 MW, generated by six 25 MW Pelton turbines and a 150 MW pumped storage generator added in 1997. In 2014 two 10 kW microturbine units were added to generate further power from the tailrace after the main turbines.

Dhom Dam, is an earthfill and gravity dam on Krishna river near Wai in state of Maharashtra in India.

The height of the dam above lowest foundation is 50 m (160 ft) while the length is 2,478 m (8,130 ft). The volume content is 6,335 km3 (1,520 cu mi) and gross storage capacity is 13.80 TMC or 382,270.00 km3 (91,711.45 cu mi).

Dimbhe dam, is a gravity dam on Ghod River near Ambegaon, Pune district in State of Maharashtra in India.

The height of the dam above lowest foundation is 67.21 m (220.5 ft) while the length is 852 m (2,795 ft). The volume content is 1,151.23 km3 (276.19 cu mi) and gross storage capacity is 38,220,000.00 m3 (1.349726562×109 cu ft). The dam is located in the Ghod basin and is part of the Kukadi project, which constructed five dams in the region. Other dams included in this project are Yedgaon Dam, Manikdoh Dam, Pimpalgaon Joge Dam and Wadaj Dam. A 5 MW power house is also built at the foot of this dam.

Jayakwadi Dam

The harsh project is one of the largest irrigation projects in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a multipurpose project. The water is mainly used to irrigate agricultural land in the drought-prone Marathwada region of the state. It also provides water for drinking and industrial usage to nearby towns and villages and to the municipalities and industrial areas of Aurangabad and Jalna district. The surrounding area of the dam has a garden and a bird sanctuary.

A plan to build a dam on Godavari river in the drought-prone Marathwada region was first conceived during rule of state of Hyderabad. The plan was to build a dam in Beed district near village Jaikwadi with storage capacity of 2,147 MCM (million cubic metres).The project came to be known as Jayakwadi project after the name of the village. However, after formation of new state of Maharashtra and comparative analysis on alternative places, it was decided to build a dam 100 km upstream at Paithan. The project was continued to name as Jayakwadi even after it was shifted to a new location. Building dam at higher level made it possible to have longer canals and thus providing irrigation facility to a larger region. The project proposal for this was completed by 1964.

Ghatghar Dam

Ghatghar Dam refers to two associated gravity dams built using roller-compacted concrete, the first use in India. They are situated in Ghatghar village in Ahmednagar district Maharashtra, India. Both dams create a lower and upper reservoir for the 250 MW pumped-storage hydroelectric power station. The upper Ghatghar dam is 15 m (49 ft) tall and on the Pravara River, a tributary of Godavari river.The lower Ghatghar dam is 86 m (282 ft) tall and on the Shahi Nalla River directly to the south west of the upper reservoir in a steep valley. The hydro power project diverts Godavari river basin water outside the basin area to a west flowing river of Western ghats.

The Koyna Dam is one of the largest dams in Maharashtra, India. It is a rubble-concrete dam constructed on Koyna River which rises in Mahabaleshwar, a hillstation in Sahyadri ranges. It is located in Koyna Nagar, Satara district, nestled in the Western Ghats on the state highway between Chiplun and Karad.


Death and Legacy

At the end of 1694, Queen Mary died of smallpox in her bedchamber at the palace and William was inconsolable.

In Feb 1702, while riding his favourite horse Sorrell from Hampton Court, the animal stumbled and William fell badly, breaking his collar bone. Against advice, the King travelled to Kensington Palace. After a few days of deteriorating health, he died.

But the palace was built, and the Protestant kingdom secured, the twin legacies of William and Mary. Perhaps the finest moment of their reign was right at the beginning, when they signed the Bill of Rights after their Coronation in 1689. This gave proper power to Parliament and began the process of creating parliamentary democracy that we know today in Britain. Never would a monarch be able to rule with power unchecked.